A Century of Nobel Prize Recipients: Chemistry, Physics, and by Francis Leroy

By Francis Leroy

Celebrating a century of innovative contributions to our knowing of existence, the area, and the universe, this encyclopedic table reference strains the discoveries that earned approximately 500 special scientists Nobel honors within the parts of chemistry, physics, and medication. the varsity of Library magazine known as it "...eye-catching... unique art, colourful captioned drawings of versions and buildings, and diagrams illustrate complicated clinical ideas and should invite searching. ...great pics and attractive format..." This ebook comprises over 550 complete colour illustrations and images, and is a needs to for the library of any public, college, enterprise, or own library.

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It occurs widely in living organisms. Three-dimensional structure of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide, or NAD. Discovered by the Swedish chemist Hans von Euler - Chelpin, the main function of this coenzyme is to carry electrons in numerous cell oxidoreduction reactions. Like flavine adenine dinucleotide (FAD), NAD is a major electron acceptor in the oxidation of fuel molecules. NAD is used primarily for the generation of ATP. NADPH is a major electron donnor in reductive biosynthesis. matician Euler, first wanted to paint.

He became Professor within the University's Department of Chemistry, then Rector of the university from 1950 to 1953. His first work was on anthocyanins, pigments that give flowers their blue and red hues. He studied the struc- C O HOH2C H OH HO Vitamin C. Also known as ascorbic acid. It may play important roles in the brain and in central nervous system tissue. gen. He focused his attention to more complex sugars like lactose and fructose, two disaccharides. One of his main works was the determination of the structure of vitamin C.

Nobel Prize for Chemistry for the discovery of nuclear fission. Otto Hahn was educated at the University of Marburg where he studied chemistry. He obtained his Doctor of Science degree after presenting a thesis in organic chemistry. In 1901, he joined the laboratory of William Ramsay, at the University College of London to Otto Hahn study radioactive elements. Then, joining Ernest Rutherford in Montreal in 1905, he discovered radioactinium, a thorium isotope. In 1912, he held a post at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institut of Berlin, which he directed in 1928.

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