By Andrew Gelman, Jeronimo Cortina
To foster a deeper knowing of the interconnection of the social sciences, economists should still be aware of the place ancient info come from, sociologists should still understand how to imagine like economists, political scientists would get advantages from realizing how versions are established in psychology, historians should still find out how political techniques are studied, psychologists should still comprehend sociological theories, and so on. This evaluate by means of well-liked social scientists offers an obtainable, non-technical feel of ways quantitative study is completed within the social sciences. Upon completing this booklet, the reader must have a feeling of the several types and other ways of pondering in economics, background, sociology, political technology and psychology, which in flip they could deliver again to their significant box.
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Additional resources for A Quantitative Tour of the Social Sciences
Several answers have been suggested. People are more comfortable cooperating with people they know, and this has been studied experimentally by economists and psychologists (see Dawes, De Kragt, and Orbell 1988). In situations where cooperation is important (for example, in a business) or even a matter of life and death (for example, in the military), it is considered crucial to create a team spirit. However, in other settings, most notably in the economic sphere (recall the overfishing example), the incentives to not cooperate are so strong that psychological motivation does not seem enough.
WHY TRENCH WARFARE IS ACTUALLY NOT A PRISONER’S DILEMMA Having presented Axelrod’s argument, I’d like to tell you why I think it’s wrong. The key assumption in his model is that an individual soldier benefits, in the short term, from firing at the enemy. ) Thus, elaborate game-theoretic modeling is needed to understand why this optimal short-term behavior is not followed. In fact, however, it seems more reasonable to suppose that, as a soldier in the trenches, you would do better to avoid firing: Shooting your weapon exposes you as a possible target, and the enemy soldiers might very well shoot back at the place where your shot came from (a point mentioned by S.
I also recommend Judgment under Uncertainty (edited by Kahneman, Slovic, and Tversky 1982), which has some great examples of interdisciplinary work, centered on cognitive psychology but with implications for other social sciences. On Statistical Methods in the Social Sciences The Statistical Sleuth by Ramsey and Schafer (2001) is a good place to start learning about data analysis. For practical advice on fitting models in R and Stata (our preferred statistical packages), we recommend An R and S-Plus Companion to Applied Regression by John Fox (2002) and Rabe-Hesketh and Everitt’s (2003) Handbook of Statistical Analyses Using Stata.