Aegyptiaca Romana: Nilotic Scenes and the Roman Views of by Miguel John Versluys

By Miguel John Versluys

This archaeological research investigates the that means of the Egyptian and egyptianising artefacts which have been preserved from the Roman global in numerous methods. Its element of departure is a close examine at the so-called Nilotic scenes or Nilotic landscapes. The e-book provides a complete and illustrated catalogue of the style that was once well known all over the Mediterranean from the Hellenistic interval to the Christian period in addition to a contextualisation and interpretation. Drawing at the conclusions therefore reached the complete staff of Aegyptiaca Romana is as a consequence studied. in response to a normal evaluate of this fabric within the Roman global and, additionally, a case-study of the Aegyptiaca from the town of Rome the various meanings of this cultural phenomenon are mapped. including different Egyptian deities renowned within the Roman international, the goddess Isis performs a tremendous position during this dialogue. Aegyptiaca Romana, between them the Nilotic scenes, are a part of the mirrored image of the Roman perspective in the direction of and recommendations on Egypt, Egyptian tradition and the East. The concluding a part of the booklet illustrates and attempts to give an explanation for this Roman discourse on Egypt.

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In the company of her consort Ptolemy XIV, her son and a large retinue, amongst whom eunuchs, valets, the philosopher Philostratos and the singer and musical virtuoso M. Tigellius Hermogenes, she keeps a royal court and receives members of the Roman aristocracy, amongst whom Cicero. InJuly 46 BC Caesar's victory in Egypt is celebrated, together with other successes, with a triumphal procession, during which many Egyptian exotics were shown to the people 46 • The political role of Egypt changes sharply in the period from 43 BC onwards, from friendly nation and vassal state to national enemy par excellence.

PART II CORPUS FIGURARUM NILOTICARUM CORPUS FIGURARUM NILOTICARUM In the following corpus, 131 Nilotic scenes are topographically organised, presented, described and illustrated. The catalogue aims to give a representative overview of the Nilotic landscapes preserved from the Roman world from the second century BC to the sixth century AD. In a number of aspects this corpus does not claim to be exhaustive. This refers in the first place to the scope of the catalogue. All examples of the genre known from the various (topographical) syntheses have been collected, supplemented by a large number of separate examples and a smaller number of new finds.

The lower half of the Nile mosaic from Palestrina shows, amongst other things, rituals with respect to the Nile flood and the gods Isis and Osiris associated with it. The comprehensive picture illustrates the happy state of Egypt due to the Nile flood. It thus would have a basically religious meaning in that it portrays the tmphe of the country bestowed by Isis and Osiris. The presence of the mosaic in Praeneste is explained by Meyboom also from the assimilation of Isis with Fortuna, the city goddess of Praeneste, to whom the abundance shown in the mosaic was due.

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