Alexander the Great Failure: The Collapse of the Macedonian by John D Grainger

By John D Grainger

Alexander the Great's empire stretched throughout 3 continents and his achievements replaced the character of the traditional international. yet for all his army prowess and luck as a conqueror, John Grainger argues that he was once certainly one of history's nice mess ups. Alexander's vanity was once principally chargeable for his personal untimely dying; and he used to be in my view culpable for the failure of his imperial company. For Alexander was once king of a society the place the ruler was once completely valuable to the wellbeing and fitness of society as a complete. while the king failed, the Macedonian state imploded, whatever which had occurred each new release for 2 centuries sooner than him and occurred back while he died. For the great of his humans, Alexander wanted an grownup successor, yet he refused to supply one whereas additionally killing any guy who may be obvious as one. The outcome used to be fifty years of struggle after his loss of life and the destruction of his empire.

The paintings of Philip II, Alexander's father, in extending and constructing the dominion of the Macedonians was once the basis for Alexander's occupation of conquest. Philip's homicide in 336 BC introduced Alexander to the kingship within the first undisputed royal succession on list. Alexander's campaigns completed unprecedented good fortune and the younger king of Macedonia, chief of the Greeks, Pharaoh of Egypt, turned nice King of Persia on the age of twenty-five.

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But to think it all out and to apply his ideas were two different things; and to put into practice what he was preaching required him to win battles. The Paeonians and the Illyrians of Bardylis were to be his testing ground. 16 Most of what Philip imposed on the Macedonians was not new. The sarissa, possibly, but the Macedonian barons were used to wielding long spears in hunting. Infantry in phalanxes, cavalry under discipline, uniform equipment, drill, obedience to shouted orders, pride after victory, were all part and parcel of Greek warfare.

The humiliations heaped on Ptolemy brought his assassination in 365, just as had those of Alexander II. 47 Perdikkas was the fourth ruler in five years. The problems of the kingdom – murders in the royal family, intervention M A C E D O N 3 7 0 – 3 5 9 b c : A F A I L I N G S TAT E 13 by outsiders, internal rebellions – had again emphasized its weakness. The basic problem was still the structural weakness of the kingdom, which left the person of the king vulnerable, and the kingdom’s military strength always minimal.

He seized control of the cities of Pydna and Methone on the Macedonian coast, and of Potidaea in the Chalkidike, thereby establishing control over much of Macedon’s seaward aspect; thus preventing ships being built for Thebes. 49 Perdikkas’ kingdom was thus virtually surrounded by Athenian power and allies, while the death of Pelopidas in 364 removed the one Theban politician who was seriously interested in the north. Having thus neutralized Macedon, Timotheos then set about his real work, which was to besiege the city of Amphipolis.

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