Alexander the Great: The Invisible Enemy: A Biography by J M O'Brien

By J M O'Brien

Regardless of Alexander the Great's extraordinary accomplishments, over the last seven years of his existence, this indomitable warrior turned more and more unpredictable, sporadically violent, megalomaniacal, and suspicious of pals in addition to enemies. What can have prompted this kind of lamentable transformation?This biography seeks to reply to that query via assessing the position of alcohol in Alexander the Great's lifestyles, utilizing the determine of Dionysus as a logo of its harmful results on his psyche. the original method hired during this publication explores a variety of facets of Alexander's lifestyles whereas retaining an old framework. The exposition of the most subject matter is dealt with in this type of manner that the biography will attract basic readers in addition to students.

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According to legend, her grip shielded his heel from the sacred waters and the boy remained mortal after all. In a similar way, the emotional grip of Olympias may have contributed to the vulnerability of her own brilliant son. THE DIONYSIAC CULT IN MACEDONIA Alexander’s parents, both of whom were formidable influences in his life, each enjoyed a special relationship with the god Dionysus. Philip took pride in his drinking prowess, and Olympias showed uninhibited devotion to her god. As a young man Alexander seems to have been contemptuous of his father’s excessive drinking, but it was a practice he would emulate later in life.

112 The king may have surmised that his son would make a better impression in Athens. 113 He would have served as a caricature of the most unflattering Athenian assumptions about Macedonians. 114 Macedonian aristocrats were known for their hunting, fighting, gambling, and drinking. 117 Greek poets, painters, and philosophers had been lured to Pella since the reign of the Macedonian king Archelaus (c. 413–399). ”119 Given this prevailing attitude, most Athenians in the fourth century probably agreed with Demosthenes’ pronouncement that “‘he [Philip] is not [a] Greek, nor related to the Greeks,’”120 Yet Alexander did fit the Greek mold.

She helped to instill in the boy the conviction that he would become an overwhelming success in his own right. The relationship between Alexander and his mother was an important, and to this day still is a mysterious, aspect of his life. ”39 There is little doubt that she was one of the dominant influences in his early life. Even after Alexander had succeeded Philip, their relationship was always marked by affection and loyalty. When Alexander crossed the Hellespont to Asia in 334, Olympias remained in Europe as his redoubtable supporter.

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