An Introduction to Forensic Linguistics: Language in by Malcolm Coulthard, Alison Johnson, David Wright

By Malcolm Coulthard, Alison Johnson, David Wright

An advent to Forensic Linguistics: Language in facts has demonstrated itself because the crucial textbook written by way of major gurus during this increasing box. the second one version of this bestselling textbook starts off with a brand new advent and maintains in elements.

Part One offers with the language of the felony procedure, and starts with a considerable new bankruptcy exploring key theoretical and methodological methods. In 4 up to date chapters it is going directly to conceal the language of the legislations, preliminary calls to the emergency prone, police interviewing, and court docket discourse. half appears to be like at language as facts, with considerably revised and up-to-date chapters at the following key topics:

  • the forensic linguist
  • forensic phonetics
  • authorship attribution
  • the linguistic research of plagiarism
  • the linguist as professional witness.

The authors mix an array of views on forensic linguistics, utilizing wisdom and event received in felony settings – Coulthard in his paintings as knowledgeable witness for instances corresponding to the Birmingham Six and the Derek Bentley attraction, and Johnson as a former police officer. learn initiatives, extra interpreting, net hyperlinks, and a brand new end make sure that this continues to be the center textbook for classes in forensic linguistics and language and the legislations. A thesaurus of key words is additionally on hand at https://www.routledge.com/products/9781138641716 and at the Routledge Language and verbal exchange Portal.

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Additional resources for An Introduction to Forensic Linguistics: Language in Evidence

Sample text

Their ‘consistency’ (Grant 2013) in terms of greeting and punctuation (Hi/Hey/no greeting; Name+comma/colon/no punctuation) produced distinctive patterns of use, but so did their variation. Each author’s range of greetings and farewells contributed to the picture of their idiolect. One of the authors, Zipper, ‘was the least variable in terms of his opening greetings [7 different forms over 247 emails], yet he is by far the most variable in his use of farewells [30 different forms]’, showing ‘that email writers can be more variable in their linguistic selections within one email convention than they may be in others’ (Wright 2013: 58).

This makes collocation a principle that determines lexical choice, meaning that we do not just select individual words but combinations of one or more words: collocates. Collocations can therefore be described as ‘the characteristic co-occurrence patterns of words’ (McEnery and Wilson 2001: 85). g. 2004; 2013) has shown that the ‘co-selection’ of words in pairs or lexical strings is what quickly makes individual style unique, allowing forensic linguists to use collocation patterns as markers of authorship in author identification and in plagiarism detection (Johnson and Woolls 2009).

Discourse transcription Matoesian and Ehrlich’s work also points out the importance of discourse transcription in helping the reader ‘see’ what is going on in courtroom talk. DA and CA crucially depend on the transcription of professional talk, as Eades (1996) tells us in her article on ‘verbatim courtroom transcripts and discourse analysis’. However, transcription is not always straightforward, never neutral and very time-consuming and, even then, transcriptions are always mediations of the talk: ‘all transcription involves choices, both in what is written down and what is left out, as well as in how talk is represented’ (Eades 2010b: 16).

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