Animal Thought (International Library of Psychology) by Stephen Walker

By Stephen Walker

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Extra info for Animal Thought (International Library of Psychology)

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The apotheosis of the Darwinian anecdotal method was reached in Romanes’s Animal Intelligence, first published in 1881. Romanes was Zoological Secretary of the Linnean Society, and a devoted disciple and friend of Darwin’s; and he was entrusted with a much expanded version of the ‘Instinct’ chapter of the Origin (included in Romanes’s Mental Evolution in Animals, 1883) and all of Darwin’s notes and files on animal behaviour. Animal Intelligence was based on this material and written with Darwin’s collaboration.

Human gyri and sulci seem to be asymmetrical when the left hemisphere is compared to the right, but ‘the degree of asymmetry of the convolutions of the two sides in the human brain is subject to much individual variation’ and ‘in some individuals of the chimpanzee, their complexity and asymmetry become notable’ (Darwin, 1901, p. 312). And therefore: Regarded systematically the cerebral differences, of man and apes, are not of more than generic value—his Family distinction resting chiefly on his dentition, his pelvis and his lower limbs.

The action of motives (motivation) is causality seen from within’- 1915, p. 171). The fact that Schopenhauer had a lot to say about animals may, however, be partly incidental. He was fond of animals, and had a poodle called ‘World-Soul’ of whose intelligence he was particularly proud, and he was well read in the comparative anatomy and theoretical biology of his day. He was an admirer of ’the excellent Locke’, and therefore addressed the issues of animal capabilities in the same way as Locke and Hume, as well as delivering himself of Kantian metaphysical obscurities.

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