By Walter Hendelman M.D.
Providing a transparent visible consultant to figuring out the human vital apprehensive procedure, this moment version comprises a number of four-color illustrations, pictures, diagrams, radiographs, and histological fabric through the textual content. geared up and simple to stick to, the booklet offers an summary of the CNS, sensory, and motor structures and the limbic method, with new and revised fabric. It additionally gains an up-to-date, interactive CD-ROM with complete textual content, colour illustrations, 3-D visualization, roll-over labeling, and flash animations. Containing a thesaurus of phrases, this can be a necessary reference instrument for clinical and allied overall healthiness pros learning neuroanatomy, neuroscience, and neurology.
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Additional info for Atlas of Functional Neuroanatomy, Second Edition
Sheets of pia are found in the subarachnoid space, between the ventral and dorsal roots, and can be seen attaching to the inner aspect of the arachnoid — these pial extensions are called denticulate ligaments. These ligaments, which are Because of its tenuous blood supply, the spinal cord is most vulnerable in the mid-thoracic portion. A dramatic drop in blood pressure, such as occurs with a cardiac arrest or excessive blood loss, may lead to an infarction of the spinal cord. The result can be just as severe as if the spinal cord was severed by a knife.
Vestibular nuclei: Vestibular afferents enter the CNS as part of CN VIII. There are four nuclei: the medial and inferior, located in the medulla; the lateral, located at the ponto-medullary junction; and the small superior nucleus, located in the lower pontine region. The vestibular afferents terminate in these nuclei. The vestibular nuclei will be further discussed in Section B with the motor systems (see Figure 51A and Figure 51B). VISCERAL AFFERENTS AND TASTE: SOLITARY NUCLEUS The special sense of taste from the surface of the tongue is carried in CN VII and CN IX, and these terminate in the solitary nucleus in the medulla (see Figure 67A).
The trochar must pierce the very tough ligamentum flavum (shown in the next illustration), then the dura-arachnoid, and then “suddenly” enters into the lumbar cistern; the (inner) needle is withdrawn and CSF drips out to be collected in sterile vials. This is not a pleasant procedure for a patient and is especially unpleasant, if not frightening, when performed on children. The nerve roots exit the spinal cord at the appropriate intervertebral level. The roots to the lower extremity, those exiting between L4–L5 and L5–S1, are the ones most commonly involved in the everyday back injuries that affect many adults.