Biobased Industrial Fluids and Lubricants by Sevim Z. Erhan, Joseph M. Perez

By Sevim Z. Erhan, Joseph M. Perez

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Volume change; max % NBR1: Decrease in elogation; max % AU: Decrease—tensile strength; max % Air release at 50°C; Max. min Foam test; MI Seq. 1 (24°C) Foam test; MI Seq. 2 (93°C) Foam test; MI Seq. 03 ≤1000 0-A 2-100A3 ≤20 VDMA24 568/Blue Angel test method NA DIN 51550 DIN 51561/62 DIN 51568 D 2532-93 DIN ISO 3016 DIN ISO 2592 DIN ISO 5884 DIN 51777 DIN 51585 DIN 51759 DIN 51554 — ISO HETG Hydraulic fluid test method* ISO 3104 ISO 3104 ISO 3104 ISO 3104 D 2532-93 DIN ISO 3016 DIN ISO 2592 DIN ISO 5884 ISO 12937 — ISO 2160 DIN 51554/3 — ±10 –3/+10 30 30 10 150/0 75/0 150/0 NA DIN 53505 ISO 6072 — DIN 53521 DIN 53504 DIN 53504 DIN 51381 D 892-89 D 892-89 D 892-89 DIN 51599 ISO 6072 ISO 6072 ISO 6072 ISO 9102 ISO 6247 ISO 6247 ISO 6247 ISO 6614 10 120 30 NA NA NA NA DIN 51354 DIN 51389 DIN 51389 DIN 51757 DIN EN7 DIN 51558 — DIN 51354 IP281/D2882 IP281/D2882 ISO 12185 ISO 6245 ISO 6618 ISO 2049 *The last column shows the ISO equivalent of the DIN test.

6. 5 Test Results—ASTM D 2272 Rotating Bomb Oxidants Test (RBOT) % Antioxidanta None 3 aCommercial Canola oil High-oleic canola oil High-oleic soybean oil TMP Trioleate ≤15 ≤15 ≤15 ≤15 79 169 280 170 antioxidant package, LZ7652. 3 for abbreviations. 2/–25°C Foam (D-892), mL Seq. 1 Seq. 2 Seq. ; mm FZG Load Stage (D-5182) aNT, not tested. 3 for other abbreviation. Copyright © 2002 AOCS Press Vickers V-104C, Vickers 20VQ5, and Denison T-5D pumps. 7. Performance of the fluids, all of which contained a commercial additive package, was acceptable for standard 100and 150-h test durations.

3) shows that when the products have the same R′, a longer R′′ gives a lower pour point. 3. 5% (vol/vol) of PPD. 1 for abbreviation. Pour point (°C) aNumbers R′ Carbon number in R′ Copyright © 2002 AOCS Press Fig. 1. Correlation between pour points and chain-length of R′ when A) R′′ = methyl and B) R′′ =1-pentyl. PPD, pour point depressant. anhydride. The comparison of pour points between 7 and its corresponding product bearing linear R′′ (6) shows no noticeable improvement in PPD when branched alkyl chains are incorporated at R′′.

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