Bootstrapping: Douglas Engelbart, Coevolution, and the by Thierry Bardini

By Thierry Bardini

Bootstrapping analyzes the genesis of non-public computing from either technological and social views, via an in depth examine of the pathbreaking paintings of 1 researcher, Douglas Engelbart. In his lab on the Stanford study Institute within the Sixties, Engelbart, in addition to a small staff of researchers, built a number of the cornerstones of non-public computing as we all know it, together with the mouse, the windowed person interface, and hypertext. this day, these types of applied sciences are popular, even taken with no consideration, however the assumptions and motivations at the back of their invention will not be. Bootstrapping establishes Douglas Engelbart's contribution via a close heritage of either the fabric and the symbolic structure of his system's human-computer interface within the context of the pc examine neighborhood within the usa within the Sixties and 1970s.

Engelbart felt that the complexity of the various world's difficulties was once changing into overwhelming, and the time for fixing those difficulties was once changing into shorter and shorter. What was once wanted, he made up our minds, was once a procedure that might increase human intelligence, co-transforming or co-evolving either people and the machines they use. He sought a scientific technique to imagine and set up this coevolution for you to find a direction on which an intensive technological development could lead on to a thorough development in tips to make humans paintings successfully. What used to be serious about Engelbart's venture used to be not only the discovery of a automatic method that may allow people, performing jointly, to control complexity, however the invention of a brand new type of human, "the user." What he eventually anticipated used to be a "bootstrapping" technique in which those that really invented the and software program of this new process might at the same time reinvent the human in a brand new form.

The e-book additionally deals a cautious narrative of the cave in of Engelbart's laboratory at Stanford examine Institute, and the additional translation of Engelbart's imaginative and prescient. It exhibits that Engelbart's final objective of coevolution got here to be translated when it comes to technological growth and human model to supposedly simple applied sciences. At a time of the large diffusion of the area broad net, Bootstrapping recollects the early experiments and unique beliefs that resulted in today's "information revolution."

Show description

Read or Download Bootstrapping: Douglas Engelbart, Coevolution, and the Origins of Personal Computing (Writing Science) PDF

Best human-computer interaction books

Cornucopia Limited: Design and Dissent on the Internet (MIT Press)

The community economic climate offers itself within the transactions of digital trade, finance, company, and communications. The community economic climate is usually a social of discontinuity, indefinite limits, and in-between areas. In Cornucopia constrained, Richard Coyne makes use of the liminality of layout -- its uneasy place among creativity and trade -- to discover the community economic climate.

Writing for Interaction: Crafting the Information Experience for Web and Software Apps

Writing for interplay makes a speciality of the artwork of making the data event because it seems to be inside of software program and net functions, particularly within the kind of person interface textual content. It additionally offers options for making sure a constant, optimistic details event throughout numerous supply mechanisms, akin to on-line aid and social media.

User Modeling, Adaptation and Personalization: 23rd International Conference, UMAP 2015, Dublin, Ireland, June 29 -- July 3, 2015. Proceedings (Lecture Notes in Computer Science)

This booklet constitutes the refereed complaints of the twenty third overseas convention on consumer Modeling, edition and Personalization, UMAP 2015, held in Dublin, eire, in June/July 2015. The 25 lengthy and seven brief papers of the examine paper music have been rigorously reviewed and chosen from 112 submissions.

Situation Recognition Using EventShop

This e-book provides a framework for changing multitudes of knowledge streams on hand this present day together with climate styles, inventory costs, social media, site visitors info, and sickness incidents into actionable insights in line with scenario popularity. It computationally defines the suggestion of events as an abstraction of hundreds of thousands of information issues into actionable insights, describes a computational framework to version and overview such events and provides an open-source web-based process known as EventShop to enforce them with no necessitating programming services.

Additional info for Bootstrapping: Douglas Engelbart, Coevolution, and the Origins of Personal Computing (Writing Science)

Sample text

Gong Y (1995) Speech recognition in noisy environments: a survey. Holzman TG (1999) Computer-human interface solutions for emergency medical care. Oviatt SL, Cohen PR, Wu L, Vergo J, Duncan L, Suhm B, Bers J, Holzman T, Winograd T, Landay J, Larson J, Ferro D (2000) Designing the user interface for multimodal speech and gesture applications: state-of-the-art systems and research directions. Huang X, Acero A, Chelba C, Deng L, Duchene D, Goodman J, Hon H, Jacoby D, Jiang L, Loynd R, Mahajan M, Mau P, Meredith S, Mughal S, Neto S, Plumpe M, Wang K, Wang Y (2000) MiPad: a next-generation PDA prototype.

However, several applications exist where it is beneficial for computers to recognize human emotions. Stress monitoring, online tutoring and diagnosis of psychological disorders are prospective areas where a computer’s functionality may be enhanced to be more aware of the human user’s emotional and attentional expressions. Psychology and engineering communities are working towards development of automatic ways to analyze gestures, facial expressions, vocal emotions and physiological signals to understand and characterize emotions as a goal towards achieving human-computer intelligent interaction.

Current HMMs focus on the linguistic information and remove most of the paralinguistic information from the speech signal. As discussed previously and shown by speech perception experiments, paralinguistic information plays a crucial role in human speech perception. Morgan et al. [10] discusses a parametric and structure based approach which overcomes the mentioned limitation and exploits the knowledge and mechanisms of human speech perception and production by taking into account the relationship between speaking rate variations and the corresponding changes in the acoustic features [9].

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.20 of 5 – based on 34 votes