Building and Testing with Gradle: Understanding by Tim Berglund, Matthew McCullough

By Tim Berglund, Matthew McCullough

Construct and attempt software program written in Java and lots of different languages with Gradle, the open resource undertaking automation instrument that is getting loads of recognition. This concise advent presents quite a few code examples that can assist you discover Gradle, either as a construct device and as a whole resolution for automating the compilation, try, and unencumber means of uncomplicated and enterprise-level functions. realize how Gradle improves at the most sensible rules of Ant, Maven, and different construct instruments, with criteria for builders who wish them and plenty of flexibility in case you desire much less constitution.

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A prototype visualization tool has even been produced that writes the DAG into a DOT format, as shown in Figure 3-1. Figure 3-1. DAG of Gradle Tasks Both Ant and Gradle use the word task, but with different meanings in each namespace. Ant uses the word task to indicate one of its executable components (close to what many would call a plug-in in other systems), such as echo. An Ant task can be executed within the context of a target. Gradle defines task to refer to any step of the directed acyclic graph.

In fact, it makes Gradle’s use of Ant simpler than directly using Ant, partly by leveraging Groovy’s AntBuilder functionality. . Discussing the usage of Ant from Gradle provides a great bridge in terms of progressive migration to a pure Gradle strategy. Over time though, we believe you’ll desire to standardize on the more powerful Gradle feature set by using native Gradle components or by wraping any Ant behavior in a Gradle plug-in. The latter maintains the value of the functioning Ant behavior while fully enabling build-by-convention throughout the updated Gradle build ecosystem.

Xml syntax. Though Gradle provides a native class of tasks for archiving, and specifically a task type of Zip, a meaningful and straightforward example of using Ant’s zip task can display the native Ant XML configuration and the same independent configuration of said Ant task from within Gradle using the clearer AntBuilder notation. Example 3-10. txt'/> In Example 3-10, a very common configuration for preparing a compressed archive using Ant’s zip task and XML configuration is shown.

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