By Thomas Foth
Less than the Nazi regime in Germany a calculated killing of continual mentally unwell sufferers happened. Nurses accomplished this software of their daily perform. even though, suspicions were raised that psychiatric sufferers have been additionally assassinated sooner than and after the Nazi regime, suggesting that the causes for those killings needs to be investigated inside psychiatric perform itself. This booklet highlights the mechanisms and clinical discourses in position that allowed nurses to understand sufferers as unworthy of existence. This learn analyzes sufferer documents as inscriptions that actively intrude in interactions in associations and that create a selected truth all alone accord. The query isn't really even if the truth represented in the records is right, yet particularly how records labored in associations and what their results have been. it really is proven how nurses have been actively interested by the development of sufferers identities and the way those documentary identities ended in the loss of life of millions of people.
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Additional resources for Caring and Killing: Nursing and Psychiatric Practice in Germany, 1931-1943 (Pflegewissenschaft Und Pflegebildung)
All of these asylums were also used by Langenhorn to directly deport its patients. 6 In the asylum at Eichberg chaotic conditions prevailed; barely any physicians were on staff and those that were were likely to be addicted to morphine. There were only a few nurses, leaving most of the wards understaffed or “nurse-free,” and with the shortage of beds, many mattresses were placed on the floor. The patients had been abandoned. Beyond the killing plans already described, other centrally ordered actions took place.
70 Susanne Kreutzer, “Nursing Body and Soul in the Parish: Lutheran Deaconess Motherhouses in Germany and the United States,” Nursing History Review 18 (2010): 137. 71 Friederike Fliedner as cited in Sticker, Friederike Fliedner und die Anfänge der Frauendiakonie. Ein Quellenbuch, 359. 72 Sticker, Die Entstehung der Neuzeitlichen Krankenpflege. Deutsche Quellenstücke aus der ersten Hälfte des 19. Jahrhunderts, 271. , 278. 75 The panopticon is a circular building with a watch tower in its center.
36 It appears to me as if Schmuhl used the concept of discourse more in order to “prove” his original assumption that “euthanasia” was a radicalized form of eugenics. In the end, he remained within the more traditional framework of the history of ideas and insisted that socio-economic conditions and the specific circumstances of the Second World War were decisive moments generating the mass assassinations of patients. At this point, Schmuhl is no longer arguing from a discourse theory perspective.