Children and Families in Communities: Theory, Research, by Jacqueline Barnes, Ilan Barry Katz, Jill E. Korbin, Margaret

By Jacqueline Barnes, Ilan Barry Katz, Jill E. Korbin, Margaret O'Brien

Some time past decade the connection among groups, young ones and households has encouraged a wealth of analysis and coverage tasks due to a transforming into trust that the breakdown of households and groups is a major factor in social difficulties, together with baby abuse and juvenile crime. the most recent coverage projects to take on social difficulties have consequently precise groups in addition to excessive probability families.

This identify amalgamates the most recent examine at the courting among youngsters, households and groups and explores coverage and perform implications. fabric for practitioners and group improvement employees is usually be integrated. The ebook is split in to 3 components: 1) idea 2) the impression of group on young children, mom and dad and households three) interventions and coverage implications.

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They highlight that children’s experiences of poverty are not universal but rather contingent upon the particular ecological niche inhabited by the child. A constellation of factors combines to produce a particular outcome for a particular child. fm Page 24 Monday, February 27, 2006 1:55 PM 24 CHILDREN AND FAMILIES IN COMMUNITIES SOCIAL DISORGANISATION In their classic study of delinquency, Shaw and McKay (1942) argued that structural features of urban communities such as poverty, population mobility and ethnic heterogeneity impeded communication and obstructed the quest for common values.

Where high residential instability and heterogeneity prevail, this further contributes to the weakening of social ties and trust. The community’s sense of collective efficacy declines as residents come to believe that they no longer share common values and norms and are unable to enforce sanctions or effect change. fm Page 25 Monday, February 27, 2006 1:55 PM THEORIES OF COMMUNITY INFLUENCE 25 serious negative consequences for children and youth as an important mechanism of control evaporates. Lack of informal social control.

This in turn makes children more susceptible to anti-social influences from peers in the neighbourhood leading to higher levels of crime. These models build on the work of Jencks and Meyer (1990) by incorporating additional, important factors relevant to the impact of neighbourhood conditions on child and youth outcomes such as parental health, parenting style and the impact of parental networks, as well as the quality of resources and monitoring. They highlight that children’s experiences of poverty are not universal but rather contingent upon the particular ecological niche inhabited by the child.

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