Cogeneration: A User's Guide (Iet Renewable Energy) by D. Flin

By D. Flin

If there are words we now have come to grasp rather well, they're 'environmental understanding' and 'credit crunch'. the area is seeking how one can reduce the emission of CO2 into the ambience, with no incurring significant charges in doing so. via expanding efficiencies as much as approximately ninety in keeping with cent utilizing well-established and mature applied sciences, cogeneration represents the best choice for non permanent discount rates in CO2 emission degrees. the facility to maximize profit streams by means of making the most of rate fluctuations within the rate of power provide, and making sure the power to provide strength despite what's taking place at the grid, are strong incentives to exploit cogeneration. The collapses of the grid networks in North the US and Italy in 2003 have been a stark reminder of what can ensue if there's over-reliance at the grid community. Cogeneration is smart economically, environmentally and operationally.

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Example text

Brick and clay manufacture: There is high potential for the application of cogeneration using gas turbines and engines in this industrial sector. This 42 ● ● ● ● ● Cogeneration sector has significant growth potential and limited application of cogeneration plant to date, giving it a big market potential for cogeneration development. Cement manufacture: Back pressure or gas turbine generation might have possible applications in this industrial sector. Potential applications include the use of waste heat from clinker cooling.

As a result, in many cases, a cogeneration scheme will produce more electricity than it needs, and the operator has a number of options as to how to use this excess electricity. ● ● ● ● Increasing the operational use of electricity. This could be through using electricity to power processes currently powered by other means, or adding additional processes to make use of the extra electricity. Selling the excess to a licensed supplier. This is the simplest way of making revenue from excess electricity.

Steam from the boiler is used to drive the turbine generator. Low-pressure steam from the turbine generator is then fed to the kilns, with the excess steam being piped to condensers that reduce it to water that is then recirculated to the boiler’s feedwater system. The cogeneration system that was chosen includes a Coppus turbine; a GE generator; two air-cooled condensers manufactured by SEECO, Alabama; a motor control centre; steam piping and all of the other associated electrical and mechanical elements.

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