Color Atlas of Neurology (Flexibook) by Reinhard Rohkamm

By Reinhard Rohkamm

Nordwest-Krankenhaus Sanderbusch, Sande, Germany. Pocket atlas bargains fine quality colour illustrations and specific details at the prognosis of indicators and indicators of neurologic disorder. Emphasizes stipulations most often noticeable in medical perform. additionally comprises the basics of the anatomic constitution of the frightened method. Softcover.

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Nystagmus does not occur in normal subjects. Oculocephalic reflex (doll’s eyes phenomenon): Horizontal or vertical passive rotation of the subject’s head causes the eyes to rotate in the opposite direction; normally suppressible by awake persons, this reflex is seen in patients with impaired consciousness but preserved vestibular function. Caloric testing: The examiner first confirms that the patient’s eardrums are intact, then instills cold water in the external auditory canal with the head elevated at a 30° angle (which inactivates the ipsilateral horizontal semicircular canal).

Neck flexion may induce a shocklike paresthesia shooting down the back (Lhermitte’s sign). There may be hypersensitivity to touch and noxious stimuli in areas of sensory denervation. Autonomic dysfunction. Spinal cord transection causes acute spinal shock, a complete loss of autonomic function below the level of the lesion (bladder, bowel, and sexual function; vasomotor regulation; sweating). Injuries at C4 and above additionally cause respiratory paralysis. The spinal autonomic reflexes (p. 146 ff) may later recover to a variable extent, depending on the site of the lesion.

Abducens n. Pituitary stalk Oculomotor n. Cavernous sinus Optic n. Olfactory bulb and tract Cranial nerves at the base of the skull 29 Argo light Argo Spine and Spinal Cord Spine and Spinal Cord Spine The spine (vertebral column) bears the weight of the head, neck, trunk and upper extremities. Its flexibility is greatest in the cervical region, intermediate in the lumbar region, and lowest in the thoracic region. Its uppermost vertebrae (atlas and axis) articulate with the head, and its lowermost portion, the sacrum (which consists of 5 vertebrae fused together), articulates with the pelvis.

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