Countryside Planning: New Approaches to Management and by Kevin Bishop, Adrian Phillips

By Kevin Bishop, Adrian Phillips

No longer because the nineteenth century has the way forward for the nation-state been this sort of concentration of political and public awareness, nor of profound uncertainty and anguished debate. A watershed has now been reached, and during this time of extraordinary swap, new instruments are wanted for making plans and dealing with the geographical region. more and more the 'drivers' of geographical region administration and conservation are eu and overseas. they target to supply complete new frameworks for the total nation-state, and inspire community-driven making plans and security. there were various responses on the kingdom and native degrees in the united kingdom. during this booklet, a extensive diversity of students and practitioners overview the foreign drivers affecting geographical region coverage and perform, and - via a number of case reviews - they verify the price of nation and native responses. the result's a strong and coherent quantity that gives a completely updated overview and research of the pressures at the geographical region, the regulations for the long run and the keys to winning implementation. nation-state making plans is key examining for planners, neighborhood specialists and rural enterprises, conservationists and environmental teams, in addition to lecturers and scholars in making plans, rural reviews, environmental experiences and geography.

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All the approaches described in Part 3 are still in their infancy and the analysis is inevitably incomplete and partial. Moreover, there is an unavoidable time lag between development and implementation. Whilst there has therefore, as yet, been no time for a proper evaluation of the new approaches to countryside conservation and planning, there is a need for such an exercise to be undertaken soon. It should also consider wider questions about whether it is possible to ‘plan for nature’, how such approaches should influence economic development, and what scope there is for knowledge transfer between different parts of the UK and Ireland.

REFERENCES Adams, W (2003) Future Nature: A vision for nature conservation, revised edition, Earthscan, London Barlow Report (1940) Report of the Royal Commission on the Distribution of Industrial Population, Cmd 6153, HMSO, London Bishop, K, Phillips, A and Warren, L (1995) ‘Protected for Ever? Factors shaping the future of protected areas policy’, Land Use Policy, vol 12(4), pp291–305 Cherry, G E and Rogers, A (1996) Rural Change and Planning: England and Wales in the Twentieth Century, E & F N Spon, London Then and Now: Planning for Countryside Conservation 15 Gay, H and Phillips, A (2000) ‘Natural and Cultural Heritage: Exploring the relationships’, ECOS, vol 22(1), pp28–35 Green Balance (2000) Valuing the Land: Planning for the best and most versatile agricultural land, Council for the Protection of Rural England, London Hobhouse Committee (1947) Report of the National Parks Committee (England and Wales), Cmd 7121, HMSO, London Huxley Committee (1947) Conservation of Nature in England and Wales, Cmd 7122, HMSO, London Macinnes, L and Wickham-Jones, C (eds) (1992) All Natural Things: Archaeology and the green debate, Oxbow Books, Oxford Marsden, T, Murdoch, J, Lowe, P, Munton, R and Flynn, A (1993) Constructing the Countryside, UCL Press, London Owens, S and Cowell, R (2001) Land and Limits: Interpreting sustainability in the planning process, Routledge, London Performance and Innovation Unit (1999) Rural Economies, TSO, London Phillips, A (1995) ‘The Merits of Merger: A history and the issues’ in Bishop, K (ed) Merits of Merger, Environmental and Countryside Planning Unit, Department of City and Regional Planning, Cardiff University, Cardiff, pp3–11 Policy Commission on the Future of Food and Farming (2002) Farming and Food: A sustainable future, Cabinet Office, London Scott Committee (1942) Report of the Committee on Land Utilization in Rural Areas, Cmd 6378, HMSO, London Uthwatt Report (1942) Expert Committee on Compensation and Betterment, Final Report, Cmd 6386, HMSO, London Part 1 The International Context for Countryside Planning and Management Chapter 2 From Sandy to Rio: The Development of Biodiversity Action Planning Kevin Bishop and Richard Cowell This chapter focuses on the impact on the UK of the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and, in particular, on the development of biodiversity action planning.

A good example of this new emphasis on participation is the funding of new facilitator posts within such organizations as the RSPB and the Natural History Museum. The aim of these posts is to harness the support of amateur naturalists who, it is argued, are disengaged from the official BAP process. From a policy perspective, the attempts to broaden participation and engage new stakeholders should assist policy implementation and delivery. It may also be seen as further evidence that the role of science, as delivered by ‘experts’ who are considered above challenge, is becoming less influential as a legitimate basis for public actions.

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