Crime Scene Forensics: A Scientific Method Approach by Robert C Shaler

By Robert C Shaler

Bridging the distance among functional crime scene research and clinical idea, Crime Scene Forensics: a systematic technique technique maintains that crime scene investigations are intensely highbrow workouts that marry clinical and investigative tactics. luck during this box calls for adventure, inventive considering, common sense, and the right kind program of the technological know-how and the medical method.

Emphasizing the required suggestion approaches for making use of technological know-how to the research, this article covers:

  • The basic scene research procedure, together with definitions and philosophy in addition to hands-on considerations
  • Archiving the crime scene via images, sketching, and video
  • Managing the crime scene investigation―the glue that holds the research together
  • Searching the crime scene―the logical byproduct of archiving and management
  • Impression/pattern facts, together with fingerprints, bloodstains, shoes impressions, and tire tune impressions
  • The organic crime scene and spotting, amassing, and maintaining organic proof, together with forensic entomology and facts stumbled on at bioweapon scenes
  • The basic ideas of proof as expressed by way of the main of Divisible topic and the Locard alternate precept: every contact leaves a trace
  • Trace proof, together with glass, paint, and soil
  • Shooting incident scenes, with dialogue of bullet paths and gunshot residue

The ultimate part examines hearth scenes, caliber coverage matters, and techniques for gathering and conserving quite a few proof varieties now not coated in different chapters.

The soft stability between good judgment, technology, and investigative job has to be understood with a view to effectively paintings against the law scene. greater by means of greater than two hundred colour photographs, this quantity offers investigators and scholars with the instruments to understand those severe ideas, paving an expeditious route to the reality.

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Additional info for Crime Scene Forensics: A Scientific Method Approach

Example text

Criminalistics is concerned with the recognition, identification, individualization, and evaluation of physical evidence, using the methods of the natural sciences in matters of legal significance. (p. 4) Crime Scene Forensics 15 Importantly, too, they realize that criminalistics does not necessarily require a ­criminal association [13]: Despite the implications of the name, criminalistics’ activities are not limited to criminal matters. They are used in civil law cases and in regulatory matters as well.

Police training, however, is nonscientific and process-based—a mechanism to minimize mistakes in the field. It is, in effect, a check-list approach to scene investigation. The reason is that police are the keepers of the crime scene, the agency in charge, saddled with the responsibility of performing a competent and thorough investigation. There is no doubt that police investigators are dedicated and take their work ­seriously. These investigators have real-world experience that is not taught in chemistry or biology laboratories, even in the best universities.

Although the resulting DNA profile might be critical for a successful prosecution, generating the DNA profile is not the practice of criminalistics. 2 The Medical Examiner Another example is the medical examiner. Is routine forensic medicine the practice of criminalistics? The medical examiner performs a scientific (medical) investigation with respect to cause and manner of death and may conduct a medicolegal investigation to ascertain the circumstances of the death. Usually, though, this is where forensic medicine ends.

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