Decolonizing the Lens of Power. Indigenous Films in North by Kerstin Knopf

By Kerstin Knopf

This is often the 1st e-book that comprehensively examines Indigenous filmmaking in North the United States, because it analyzes intimately quite a few consultant movies through Canadian and US-American Indigenous filmmakers: movies that contextualize the oral culture, 3 brief motion pictures, and 4 dramatic motion pictures. The ebook explores how participants of colonized teams use the medium of movie as a method for cultural and political expression and therefore input the dominant colonial movie discourse and create an answering discourse. The theoretical framework is constructed as an interdisciplinary technique, combining postcolonialism, Indigenous stories, and movie stories. As Indigenous everyone is progressively taking keep an eye on over the imagemaking method within the region of movie and video, they stop being studied and defined gadgets and develop into matters who create self-controlled photographs of Indigenous cultures. The e-book explores the translatability of Indigenous oral culture into movie, touching upon the alterations the cultural wisdom is topic to during this procedure, together with statements of Indigenous filmmakers in this factor. It additionally asks even if there's a yes Indigenous movie perform and even if filmmakers are inclined to dissociate their paintings from dominant classical filmmaking, adapt to it, or create new movie varieties and kinds via converging classical movie conventions and their unsleeping violation. This strategy presupposes that Indigenous filmmakers are continually in a few nation of response to Western ethnographic filmmaking and to classical narrative filmmaking and its epitome, the Hollywood narrative cinema. the flicks analyzed are the line Allowance humans via Maria Campbell, Itam Hakim, Hopiit through Victor Masayesva, Talker by means of Lloyd Martell, Tenacity and Smoke indications through Chris Eyre, obese With Crooked the teeth and Honey Moccasin through Shelley Niro, substantial undergo via Gil Cardinal, and Atanarjuat: the short Runner by means of Zacharias Kunuk.

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11 Cited in Black Skin, White Masks, 107–108. 12 Edward W. Said, Orientalism (London: Routledge, 1978): 7. 13 In Said’s study, orientalism also covers Western representations of North African societies. ¹ Indigenous Filmmaking in North America 21 The similarities between orientalism and colonialism are obvious. Both invoke the urge of European hegemony for self-legitimization, the difference being that colonialism is conditioned by the occupation/subjugation of alien territory and its inhabitants whereas orientalism, according to Said, represents an occupation/subjugation of ideologies and minds, also grounded, however, in British (French etc) imperial rule.

Hulme’s plea for the inclusion of America in postcolonial studies brought forward in this article is ambiguous and does not take the colonial experience of its Indigenous population into account. The Indigenous population of North, Central, and South America clearly is to be included in postcolonial studies. The inclusion of non-Indigenous North America must be dismissed on the grounds that, first, they were not a colony in the sense of being occupied by another nation but, like Australia, Canada, and New Zealand, they ¹ Indigenous Filmmaking in North America 23 guise of the power relations operating within the global context and in former colonies.

Because documentary form is most often falsely understood as a reflection of ‘reality’, truth is applied to its images, and thus the ‘truthfulness’ of documentary narrative is often not questioned. 20 He applies Foucault’s 17 Marianette Jaimes–Guerrero, “Savage Erotica Exotica: Media Imagery of Native Women in North America,” in Native North America: Critical and Cultural Perspectives, ed. Renée Hulan (Toronto: E C W , 1999): 190. 1 (1971): 40–42, and “The ethics of ethnographic filmmaking,” in Film as Ethnography, ed.

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