Detecting Lies and Deceit. Pitfalls and Opportunities by Aldert Vrij

By Aldert Vrij

Why do humans lie? Do gender and character transformations have an effect on how humans lie? How can lies be detected?

Detecting Lies and Deceit presents the main accomplished assessment of deception thus far. This revised variation presents an updated account of deception examine and discusses the operating and efficacy of the main familiar lie detection instruments, including:

  • Behaviour research Interview
  • Statement Validity Assessment
  • Reality Monitoring
  • Scientific content material Analysis
  • Several varied polygraph tests
  • Voice tension Analysis
  • Thermal Imaging
  • EEG-P300
  • Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI)

All 3 elements of deception are lined: nonverbal cues, speech and written assertion research and (neuro)physiological responses. the most typical error in lie detection are mentioned and functional instructions are supplied to aid execs enhance their lie detection skills.

Detecting Lies and Deceit is a must have source for college kids, teachers and execs in psychology, criminology, policing and legislations.

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Additional resources for Detecting Lies and Deceit. Pitfalls and Opportunities

Example text

Although people tend to lie less to those with whom they feel close, the frequency of lying between spouses was still far from incidental and occurred in nearly one out of every 10 social interactions (DePaulo & Kashy, 1998). Cole’s (2001) study also showed evidence for the frequent nature of lying in romantic relationships. He reported that 92% of participants admitted lying to their significant other. Some of the lies told between spouses are other-oriented lies and are told because the liars care about their partners and don’t want to harm their feelings (Bell & DePaulo, 1996).

This can be done by all necessary means, including those that are not morally justifiable. In his book L’Arte Della Guerra (The Art of War), published in 1520, he outlined several possibly effective means. Interpersonally, manipulators are scheming but not stupid. They do not exploit others when their victims might retaliate, and do not cheat when they are likely to get caught. In conversations, they tend to dominate, but they also seem relaxed, talented, and confident. They are usually popular: they are liked more than people who are low in manipulative skills and are preferred as partners (Kashy & DePaulo, 1996).

The frequent occurrence of self-oriented lies indicates that the basis of their orientation towards others is a self-centred concern rather than an altruistic concern. Social anxiety Expressing true feelings and thoughts sometimes requires selfconfidence. Perhaps people who are socially anxious – who feel uncomfortable in the presence of others – lack such self-confidence, and therefore lie more often. DePaulo’s diary study found no evidence that socially anxious people lie more frequently than socially non-anxious people.

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