Development in Judging Moral Issues by James R. Rest

By James R. Rest

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3b. Being moral implies concern for the other's approval. One is concerned with conforming one's behavior to what the other expects, because to violate his expectations or to incur his disapproval undermines his being able to count on you, and thus jeopardizes a general positive relationship. Statement—Heinz story: "If you were so heartless as to let your own wife die, you would feel terrible and everybody would really think you were inhuman. ) "He's sort of bringing everybody else into it. .

The captain of the company has to decide who should go back and do the job. The captain himself is the man who knows best how to lead the retreat. He asks for volunteers, but no one will volunteer. If he goes himself, the men will probably not get back safely and he is the only one who knows how to lead the retreat. Should the captain order a man to go on this very dangerous mission or should he go himself? The captain finally decided to order one of the men to stay behind. One of the men he thought of was one who had a lot of strength and courage but he was a bad trouble maker.

His contributions have elaborated the cognitive developmental approach, expanded its research program, and applied the ideas to education. Although American psychology in the 1950s and 1960s was dominated by Behaviorism (both the "hard" and "soft" varieties, Radical Behaviorism and Social Learning Theory), Kohlberg has been an American advocate for a cognitive developmental approach to the study of personality and social development. His 1969 chapter in The Handbook of Socialization Theory and Research is his most extensive statement, and he is regularly called on to provide counterpoint to the behaviorist theme.

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