Driver Behaviour and Accident Research Methodology: by Anders af Wåhlberg

By Anders af Wåhlberg

This ebook discusses a number of methodological difficulties in site visitors psychology which aren't at the moment famous as such. Summarizing and studying the on hand examine, it's came upon that there are various in most cases made assumptions concerning the validity of equipment that experience little backing, and that many simple difficulties haven't been researched in any respect. feedback are made as to extra reviews that are meant to be made to deal with a few of these difficulties. The booklet is essentially meant for traffic/transport researchers, yet must also be valuable for specialised schooling at a better point (doctoral scholars and transportation experts) in addition to officers who require a very good grab of technique that allows you to assessment study.

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In a few other instances, the problem is mentioned, but only in passing (for example, McBain, 1970). This is somewhat strange, as there seems to exist a considerable activity in neighbouring research areas (the main varieties of taxonomies identified in the introduction, and cross-overs), at least when it comes to using categorization as a research tool, because there does seem to exist classification systems for accidents in general, which are used in many studies (see the review by Lortie and Rizzo, 1999), while, for traffic accidents, this is very much lacking.

Introduction For traffic safety research today, the dominant method for understanding driver behaviour is self-report. This is the case for independent variables, where many are hard to measure with any other method (attitudes, for example), but also for several parameters, which are objectively measurable; accidents, mileage etc. For example, in a typical individual differences study, a measure of personality will be acquired by self-report, and related to the similarly acquired number of collisions by each subject, and a significant association found.

In fact, it is actually very likely that drivers will  Driver Behaviour and Accident Research Methodology report willingly but erroneously on their accidents, in numbers and details (af Wåhlberg, 2002a), see further Chapter 2. ’ (p. 213). No evidence was cited in favour of this position, and it was not explained why the active-passive distinction was used, if the aim was to distinguish culpability. Furthermore, it is hard to understand why the use of the active-passive categories should be more objective than the assignment of culpability straight away.

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