By Sergey Tkachev
Encephalitises are a gaggle of inflammatory human and animal illnesses of mind prompted basically by way of various pathogens. despite obvious good fortune in ways for prevention, diagnostics and remedy over the past many years, the encephalitises of other etiology nonetheless represent a threat for millions of individuals everywhere in the global. during this booklet the several elements of encephalitises of other etiology are mentioned akin to diagnostics, remedy and medical administration of sufferers. additionally, the information on epidemiology, tracking, pathology and diagnostics of alternative viral causative brokers are mentioned.
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Photophobia 5. Nausea B. At least1 of the following: 1. Evidence of low CSF pressure on MRI (eg,pachymeningeal enhancement) 2. Evidence of CSF leakage on conventionalmyelography, CT myelography, or cisternography 3. CSF openingpressure <60 mm H2O in sitting position C. No history ofdural puncture or other cause of CSF fistula D. Headache resolves within 72 hours after epidural blood patching Table 1. Diagnostic Criteria for Headache Due to Spontaneous Spinal CSF Leak and Intracranial Hypotension According to the International Classification of Headache Disorders, 2nd Ed42 (4) Spontaneous Intracranial Hypotension: What An Infectious Disease Physician Should Know?
Although many infectious and nonin‐ fectious etiologies exist for this syndrome, viruses, especially nonpolio enteroviruses, are the most common (>85%) and most important agents encountered. Although seasonal variation is relative and not absolute, enteroviruses are most likely to be the cause of aseptic meningitis occurring during the summer or fall. The onset of symptoms is char‐ acteristically abrupt and typically includes headache, fever, nausea or vomiting, malaise, photophobia, and meningismus.
Bacterial Viral encephalitis Fungal menengitis Tuberculose menengitis menengitis Pressure Increased Normal-mildly increased Normal-mildly increased Increased Glucose Low Normal Low Low Cell count PNL Mononuclear Mononuclear PNL/mononuclear Protein High High High High Table 3. General characteristics of various CNS infections In viral encephalitis, a more important problem is to find out the etiological agent and to apply therefore the appropriate antiviral agent beginning from the early period of the disease.