Energy, Entropy and Engines: An Introduction to by Sanjeev Chandra

By Sanjeev Chandra

Textbook concisely introduces engineering thermodynamics, masking techniques together with strength, entropy, equilibrium and reversibility

  • Novel clarification of entropy and the second one legislations of thermodynamics
  • Presents summary principles in a simple to appreciate manner
  • Includes solved examples and finish of bankruptcy problems
  • Accompanied by way of an internet site internet hosting a strategies manual

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Additional info for Energy, Entropy and Engines: An Introduction to Thermodynamics

Sample text

Common examples of control volumes are industrial devices such as heat exchangers, pumps, turbines and boilers. Mass is constantly flowing into and out of these machines while energy in the form of both mass and energy cross the system boundaries. 8a shows a section of a water pipe around which a heater coil is wrapped. The dotted line around the heated section is the control volume. Water flows into and out of this section, while heat is added to it. 8b is another example of a control volume, a pump.

Can we calculate the variation of gas pressure (P) as a function of the cylinder volume (V)? Surprisingly, we cannot do this very ­precisely for any real process. 19a). The frequency of molecules striking the piston will be greater than those hitting the other faces, and it will experience a higher pressure. 19b). The pressure on the piston therefore depends on the speed of the cylinder and the direction in which it is moving. 19c). Once the gas is at equilibrium the pressure on all the faces will be equal and can be measured accurately.

D. S. L. Cardwell (1971) From Watt to Clausius – The Rise of Thermodynamics in the Early Industrial Age, Cornell University Press, Cornell. 2 Concepts and Definitions In this chapter you will: •• Review the fundamentals of Newtonian mechanics, including mechanical work, kinetic and potential energy. •• Identify various types of thermodynamic systems such as open, closed and isolated systems. •• Define thermodynamic properties. •• Distinguish equilibrium from steady state. •• Classify different types of equilibrium including mechanical, thermal and phase equilibrium.

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