Environment, Technology and Sustainability, Volume 2 by Hocine Bougdah, Stephen Sharples

By Hocine Bougdah, Stephen Sharples

This moment quantity within the applied sciences of structure series – the single sequence of books tuned to the architectural expertise syllabus – explores the environmental impacts on construction layout. taking a look fairly at sustainable construction, a holistic view is taken, in order that the impression of anybody set of selections on different parts – comparable to the trade-off of daylighting opposed to thermal insulation, or the stability wanted among heating and air flow – usually are not missed. The authors talk about to be had applied sciences for setting up an appropriate microclimate inside constructions, for handling the transmission of sound and for minimizing the exploitation of scarce power and of alternative assets. utilizing the viewpoint of a fashion designer who wishes a legitimate clinical foundation for arriving on the optimal final result, this valuably informative quantity is perfect for architectural expertise scholars, in addition to first and moment 12 months structure scholars.

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The performance of shelter belts is effected by four parameters: porosity, shape, height and length. Porosity is the percentage of gaps in the shelter belt. Paradoxically, a solid obstruction such as a wall is a less effective down wind barrier than one containing some openings. This is because of the high levels of turbulence created downstream of the obstruction when the wind suddenly strikes a solid obstacle. 1 shows the effect of porosity on wind speeds either side of a barrier, indicating that a medium porosity obstruction (40 per cent to 50 per cent porosity) gives the best overall sheltering performance.

Givoni, B. Man, Climate and Architecture, Van Nostrand Reinhold (1973). Lechner, N. Heating, Cooling, Lighting: Design Methods for Architects, 2nd edn, John Wiley & Sons (2001). Olgyay, V. Design with Climate, Princeton University Press (1963). Rapoport, A. House Form and Culture House Form and Culture, Prentice Hall (1969). Roaf, S. Crichton, D. and Nicol, F. Adapting Buildings and Cities for Climate Change, Architectural Press (2005). com/noabl/ (accessed 28 March 2008). com (accessed 28 March 2008).

Very advanced packages, such as Radiance, enable photorealistic images of sunlit spaces to be generated. Chapter 3 Wind flow around buildings Introduction Any building in the natural environment will be subjected to the forces of the wind. These forces may be used constructively to enhance natural ventilation, remove indoor pollutants and provide thermal cooling in buildings. Alternatively, the wind can act destructively, and this ‘wind loading’ may take a few tiles from a roof or destroy whole groups of buildings.

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