Exciting Interdisciplinary Physics: Quarks and Gluons,

Nuclear physics is a thrilling, largely faceted box. It spans a variety of themes, attaining from nuclear constitution physics to high-energy physics, astrophysics and clinical physics (heavy ion tumor therapy). New advancements are offered during this quantity and the prestige of analysis is reviewed. an enormous concentration is wear nuclear constitution physics, facing superheavy parts and with a number of sorts of unique nuclei: unusual nuclei, very neutron wealthy nuclei, nuclei of antimatter. additionally quantum electrodynamics of robust fields is addressed, that's associated with the prevalence of big nuclear platforms in, e.g., U+U collisions. At excessive energies nuclear physics joins with straight forward particle physics.

Various chapters deal with the idea of user-friendly topic at excessive densities and temperature, specifically the quark gluon plasma that's envisioned by way of quantum chromodynamics (QCD) to take place in high-energy heavy ion collisions. within the box of nuclear astrophysics, the homes of neutron stars and quark stars are mentioned. a subject which transcends nuclear physics is mentioned in chapters: The proposed pseudo-complex extension of Einstein's common Relativity ends up in the prediction that there aren't any black holes and that enormous bang cosmology needs to be revised. eventually, the interdisciplinary nature of this quantity is additional accentuated by means of chapters on protein folding and on magnetoreception in birds and plenty of different animals.

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In order to identify elements around Z = 126 by characteristic X -rays, the inclusions—monazite crystals were irradiated by protons. In the first experiments [36] L α1 X -rays of elements 116, 124 and 126 were observed. Later, a more careful analysis and advanced technique for the excitation of X -rays [37] disproved the early results. g. [38, 39] tried to separate elements with masses A = 250 − 350 using mass-separation technique. Because of a background of molecular complexes of uranium and thorium the sensitivity of a “simple” separation method, as a rule, 48 A.

A. Sobiczewski, Acta Phys. Pol. B 42, 1871 (2011) 41. T. , Phys. Rev. C 72, 034611 (2005) 42. T. , Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 022502 (2012) 43. R. , Nucl. Instrum. Methods B 261, 1103 (2007) Nuclear Reaction Mechanisms Induced by Heavy Ions M. G. Itkis, I. M. Itkis, G. N. Knyazheva and E. M. Kozulin Abstract Total Kinetic Energy—Mass distributions of fission-like fragments for the reactions of 22 Ne, 26 Mg, 36 S, 48 Ca, 58 Fe and 64 Ni ions with actinides leading to the formation of superheavy compound systems with Z = 108–120 at energies near the Coulomb barrier have been investigated.

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