Feeding: Form, Function and Evolution in Tetrapod by Kurt Schwenk

By Kurt Schwenk

Because the first four-legged vertebrates, known as tetrapods, crept up alongside the beaches of old primordial seas, feeding was once one of the such a lot paramount in their matters. in retrospect into the mists of evolutionary time, fish-like ancestors will be noticeable remodeled via normal choice and different evolutionary pressures into animals with feeding habitats as various as an anteater and a whale. From frog to pheasant and salamander to snake, each lineage of tetrapods has developed certain feeding anatomy and behaviour. Similarities in broadly divergent tetrapods vividly illustrate their shared universal ancestry. whilst, a variety of transformations among and between tetrapods record the facility and majesty that contains organismal evolutionary historical past. Feeding is an in depth survey of the numerous ways in which land vertebrates collect meals. The useful anatomy and the keep an eye on of advanced and dynamic structural parts are recurrent issues of this quantity. Luminaries within the self-discipline of feeding biology have joined forces to create a ebook sure to stimulate destiny reviews of animal anatomy and behaviour.

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Distance, area, image density) directly from imported images. Similarly, motion or kinematic analysis can be performed on sequential images obtained through cinematography or videography. Most often, the X-Y coordinates of relevant points on sequential images are obtained by digitizing them and these data are used for kinematic analysis. Many examples of kinematic plots are found in the chapters of this book. , the tips of the jaws) relative to time so that movements of various parts can be shown in synchrony and quantified throughout an entire behavioral sequence.

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