Flexible Stones: Ground Stone Tools from Franchthi Cave, by Anna Stroulia

By Anna Stroulia

Despite their ubiquitous presence between prehistoric continues to be in Greece, flooring stone instruments haven't begun to draw an identical form of recognition as produce other different types of archaeological fabric, comparable to pottery or lithics. versatile Stones presents a close research of the fabric chanced on in the course of the excavations at Franchthi Cave, Peloponnese, Greece. nearly 500 instruments, the uncooked fabric used for his or her manufacture, in addition to the byproducts of such manufacture have been came across. such a lot of this assortment comes from the Neolithic part of the site―including a small variety of Palaeolithic and Mesolithic cases―with numerous the studied instruments indicating a number of makes use of. Anna Stroulia sees the multifunctional personality of those instruments as a unsleeping selection that displays a versatile angle of software makers and clients towards instruments and uncooked fabrics. A CD-Rom with 209 extra plates is included.

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Extra resources for Flexible Stones: Ground Stone Tools from Franchthi Cave, Fascicle 14, Excavations at Franchthi Cave, Greece

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This chipping/flaking removed about half of one face. One of its ends carries pitting, as do some other non-chipped/flaked parts of the sides and ends. FS 701 may have been used in lithic production and maintenance, as I think was the case with FS 594. H1B:108 (Pl. 14) was found in the homonymous unit and may represent a variation on the same theme. 3 cm. One of its two ends has been shaped into a more or less straight edge in plan view by removal of one small discoidal flake from one face and by retouch on the other.

As Perlès (2003:81) recently noted, terrestrial resources (mainly mammals) seem to have provided the bulk of the diet during the Upper Mesolithic. 5). I discuss them below, starting with FS 551 (Pl. 11). 8 cm. It probably belonged to a relatively large concave tool and was used in a passive abrasive mode. If so, it is unique in the pre-Neolithic Franchthi ground stone sample. FS 551 is, however, interesting for additional reasons. This specimen is made of a non-local raw material: a variety of vesicular porphyritic andesite that, according to Runnels, ‘probably was obtained from Poros’—an island in the Saronic Gulf that in the Upper Mesolithic may have been accessible by land.

I believe, instead, that these tools were so important in everyday life that they would not have been easily left behind. If so, they must have come and gone with their users (see also de Beaune 2000:82; Julien 1985:209). Since no ground stone tools have been published from other Greek Upper/Final Palaeolithic sites, no comparisons can for the moment be made with such material. The Pre-Neolithic Material 17 THE MESOLITHIC PERIOD The Final Palaeolithic occupation at Franchthi was followed by a hiatus that lasted perhaps 600–650 years (Farrand 2003:74, 78).

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