Fool Me Twice: Intelligence Failure and Mass Casualty by Thomas E. Copeland

By Thomas E. Copeland

This examine evaluates no matter if shock and intelligence failure resulting in mass casualty terrorism are inevitable. It explores the level to which 4 elements disasters of public coverage management, analytical demanding situations, organizational hindrances, and the inherent difficulties of caution info give a contribution to intelligence failure. The research applies latest theories of shock and intelligence failure to case stories of 5 mass casualty terrorism incidents: international exchange middle 1993; Oklahoma urban 1995; Khobar Towers 1996; East African Embassies 1998; and September eleven, 21.

Show description

Read Online or Download Fool Me Twice: Intelligence Failure and Mass Casualty Terrorism PDF

Best social services & welfare books

Beyond Tolerance: Child Pornography Online

Might be not anything conjures up extra common disgust as baby pornography. the area of its makers and clients is so abhorrent that it truly is infrequently mentioned less studied. baby pornographers have taken benefit of this and are effectively utilizing the recent digital media to switch their wares with no detection or major sanction.

The Boundaries of Welfare: European Integration and the New Spatial Politics of Social Solidarity

This well timed quantity by way of one of many absolute best specialists at the ecu deals an cutting edge research of the impression of the ecu on welfare states at either the nationwide and nearby point. Given the EU's expanding effect on welfare states, this significant new assertion is poised to make a thrilling and critical contribution to present coverage debates.

Democracy and the Welfare State

The essays during this quantity discover the ethical foundations and the political clients of the welfare nation within the usa. one of the questions addressed are the subsequent: Has public help for the welfare nation light? Can a democratic kingdom supply welfare with no generating dependency on welfare?

The languages and linguistics of Europe : a comprehensive guide

''The Languages and Linguistics of Europe: A finished advisor is a part of the multi-volume reference paintings at the languages and linguistics of the continents of the area. The booklet offers profiles of the language households of Europe, together with the signal languages. It additionally discusses the the areal typology, taking note of the traditional ordinary ecu, Balkan, Baltic and Mediterranean convergence components.

Additional resources for Fool Me Twice: Intelligence Failure and Mass Casualty Terrorism

Example text

Finally, one of the many effects of globalization is the simultaneous empowerment and embitterment of the individual. The individual is empowered by being able not only to communicate with nearly anyone (and recruit them) and with any institution in the world (and threaten it), but also to attack them, often in the form of malicious computer attacks. Embitterment and personal hatred for an adversary no longer require that one belong to the affected class or group of people. Many of the terrorists who took part in the attacks of the 1990s were so-called Afghan Arabs who had fought and trained in Afghanistan, Chechnya, and Bosnia.

64 Breakdowns within the intelligence cycle-from planning to collection to collation to analysis to dissemination-also contribute directly to intelligence failure. " D. UNDERSTANDING MASS CASUALTY TERRORISM, 1993-2001 With those four main factors in mind, we turn finally to the case studies. S. Embassy bombings in east Africa in 1998; and the attacks of September 11, 2001. Several factors influenced the selection of these cases. First, the cases all share a common outcome-a terrorist attack that produced large numbers of casualties.

96. 21 But what Posner highlights is the fundamentally surprising nature of terrorism. With that in mind, we turn to an overview of the terrorist threat as it emerged in the 1990s. B. THE "NEW TERRORISM" 1. Qualitative and Quantitative Changes in the Terrorist Threat Although it is difficult to pinpoint when one trend ceases and a new one begins, the 1993 bombing of the World Trade Center in New York City and the 1995 sarin gas attack in the Tokyo subway system by the Aum Shinrikyo doomsday sect might be taken as the inaugurating events for a new paradigm of terrorism.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.58 of 5 – based on 22 votes