By Kim Moody
City of Quartz meets Gotham—the darkish aspect of the glittering metropolis.
New York is a urban of outlandish wealth and severe deprivation, the place the abundance of high-rise place of work area and comfort housing belies a poverty expense of approximately two times the nationwide usual. In From Welfare country to genuine Estate, famous exertions activist Kim Moody argues that the city's enterprise elite has tilted the political constitution towards an time table that places genuine property improvement sooner than human wishes. the result's a brand new Gilded Age in America's first urban, overseen by means of the nation's first billionaire mayor.
Tracing this pattern to its roots in 1975, while New York's once-generous welfare kingdom used to be deserted in the course of a time of economic difficulty, Moody indicates how enterprise leaders controlled to grab an exceptional measure of impact in neighborhood politics. From Koch to Bloomberg, the developmental bulldozer has prolonged its achieve, putting extra strain at the city's beleaguered and divided operating classification. From Welfare nation to actual Estate deals the 1st old narrative of the most important turning issues during this procedure, from the redevelopment of instances sq. to the present struggle over Brooklyn's Atlantic Yards. It seems underneath the skyline to investigate the facility struggles that experience formed this international urban within the twenty-first century.
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Extra resources for From Welfare State to Real Estate: Regime Change in New York City, 1974 to the Present
S. Council on Environmental Quality 1984, 283). S. A. A. —2001, Table 824. P R E L I M I N A R I E S : L A N D , G E O G R A P H Y, A N D L A W that replacement land for cultivation has been drawn from other rural categories, principally forest, range, pasture, and wetlands. Replacement land, however, is not necessarily equivalent in quality to the cropland converted to nonagricultural purposes. Heavier application of irrigation water, chemical fertilizers and pesticides, and labor is required to render such marginal lands productive.
Also, because a large proportion of rural land is publicly owned, it is mapped and managed by government land agencies (federal, state, county, or local). The urban landscape, by contrast, is a vast mosaic of buildings, paved areas, parks, vacant land, private yards, and even residual agriculture and natural areas. How much of this crazy-quilt of land use is “urban”? Drawing a boundary between urban and nonurban areas is a matter of deﬁnition and subjective judgment. Another problem is the scarcity of national-level data on urban land usage.
A. A. —2001, Table 824. P R E L I M I N A R I E S : L A N D , G E O G R A P H Y, A N D L A W that replacement land for cultivation has been drawn from other rural categories, principally forest, range, pasture, and wetlands. Replacement land, however, is not necessarily equivalent in quality to the cropland converted to nonagricultural purposes. Heavier application of irrigation water, chemical fertilizers and pesticides, and labor is required to render such marginal lands productive. Furthermore, the continued drainage of wetlands for agriculture in Florida, the South Central states, and California—once consistent with national policy—now is viewed as threatening to the ecological values and functions of wetlands in their natural state.