By Pieter Muysken
In each language there are descriptive lexical parts, akin to night and whisper, in addition to grammatical parts, resembling the and -ing. the excellence among those components has confirmed necessary in a few domain names, yet what's lined through the phrases, lexical and grammatical, and the root on which the excellence is made, seem to differ in line with the area concerned. This ebook analyses the grammatical parts ('functional categories') in language, an issue that has drawn significant cognizance in linguistics, yet hasn't ever been approached from an built-in, cross-disciplinary standpoint. Muysken considers sensible different types from the viewpoint of grammar, language historical past, language touch and psychology (including baby language and aphasia). Empirically dependent, the e-book examines the to be had converging proof from those a number of disciplines, and attracts on comparative info from a variety of various languages.
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Extra info for Functional Categories
Affixes. ’ There are two stems, ana ‘this’ and sib¨e ‘house’, to which various affixes and prefixes are attached, as well as enclitic elements. The switch reference marker =ti is analysed as an enclitic by van Gijn (2006). Object person marking takes the form of a prefix, while subject person marking is suffixal. There is good reason here to assume that third person subject is actually a null suffix rather than simply absent. Suppletive processes. Suppletion of one stem by another frequently marks a functional categorical distinction, as in the paradigm for the verb ‘be’ in many European languages.
Disclaimers A few disclaimers are in order. First of all, as I started on the research for the individual chapters, I discovered that the amount of material available which threw light on the role of functional categories in each domain tended to be vast, and much larger than I had originally realised. This book manuscript 8 Introduction grew out of a single article manuscript, but easily could give birth to seventeen monographs. Thus the coverage is incomplete; I hope it inspires specialists on individual subjects to pursue the exploration of functional categories in their area of expertise.
How are these categories realized lexically and morphologically? What are their derivational possibilities? Does morphological suppletion play a privileged role in the creation of functional categories? Can they be distinguished by the tightness of paradigmatic organisation? Do we find compounding in category innovation? As to the phonological properties of functional categories, topics discussed include phonological weight, cliticisation, and stress. In chapter 4 I turn to the semantic and pragmatic dimensions of functional categories.