By Quentin Wodon
This quantity presents a collection of six case experiences from West Africa. those verify the advantages of progress (or the prices of an absence of progress) by way of poverty aid in these international locations. the 1st a part of this booklet describes the adventure of 2 international locations (Ghana and Senegal) that accomplished excessive degrees of development within the Nineteen Nineties, and that still skilled very important savings in poverty, although development used to be now not strictly pro-poor. the second one half describes the event of 2 different international locations (Burkina Faso and Cape Verde) that still accomplished excessive degrees of development within the Nineteen Nineties, yet the place there has been an preliminary notion that progress didn't result in a lot poverty aid. The extra targeted research of poverty offered right here indicates besides the fact that that those international locations did witness a pointy aid of their inhabitants proportion in poverty, as could were anticipated given their progress list. ultimately, within the 3rd half, the authors argue loss of development within the Nineties in Guinea-Bissau and Nigeria has been a key cause of their many times excessive degrees of poverty. total, the case stories make a powerful case for the optimistic influence of development on poverty aid in West Africa. despite the fact that, additionally they aspect to the necessity to pay shut realization to adjustments in inequality, simply because such adjustments have constrained the earnings from progress for the bad in different of the nations thought of the following.
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Additional info for Growth And Poverty Reduction: Case Studies from West Africa (World Bank Working Papers)
Remittances make a larger proportionate contribution to income for this group than for those whose principal activity is formal sector employment. Households whose primary economic activity is export farming obtain a substantial proportion of their income from agriculture, where this agricultural income encompasses food crops, livestock and processing as well as export crops. Those households classiﬁed as export farmers in 1998/99 obtained an even higher proportion of their income from agriculture in that year than their counterparts in 1991/92.
7 Note: Deﬁnitions of income sources are reported in GSS (2000b). Source: Authors’ calculation from the Ghana Living Standards Survey, 1991/92 and 1998/99. 36 World Bank Working Paper income received as remittances—indeed this is the group of households that experienced by far the largest part of the national level increase in the income from remittances. This may suggest an increasing problem of vulnerability associated with this group, although on the other hand they do at least have relations with other households that can send transfers to them.
For higher values of α though the redistribution effect more often contributes to increases in poverty; it only contributes to reductions in poverty as measured by P1 and P2 among the formal (public and private) sector wage employees and the export crop farmers. Given that the former are disproportionately in Accra and the latter disproportionately in the rural forest, this is as would be expected given the pattern by locality, and is of course consistent with the reduction in inequality in these groups.