Handbook of Biometric Anti-Spoofing: Trusted Biometrics by Sébastien Marcel, Visit Amazon's Mark S. Nixon Page, search

By Sébastien Marcel, Visit Amazon's Mark S. Nixon Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Mark S. Nixon, , Stan Z. Li

Featuring the 1st definitive examine of the topic, this Handbook of Biometric Anti-Spoofing stories the state-of-the-art in covert assaults opposed to biometric platforms and in deriving countermeasures to those assaults. subject matters and lines: presents an in depth creation to the sphere of biometric anti-spoofing and an intensive evaluation of the linked literature; examines spoofing assaults opposed to 5 biometric modalities, specifically, fingerprints, face, iris, speaker and gait; discusses anti-spoofing measures for multi-model biometric platforms; stories evaluate methodologies, overseas criteria and felony and moral matters; describes present demanding situations and indicates instructions for destiny learn; offers the newest paintings from a world collection of specialists within the box, together with individuals of the TABULA RASA undertaking.

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Extra info for Handbook of Biometric Anti-Spoofing: Trusted Biometrics under Spoofing Attacks (Advances in Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition)

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Expected quality differences between real and fake samples may include: degree of sharpness, color and luminance levels, local artifacts, amount of information found in both types of images (entropy), structural distortions, or natural appearance. For example, it is not rare that fingerprint images captured from a gummy finger present local acquisition artifacts such as spots and patches, or that they have a lower definition of ridges and valleys due to the lack of moisture. In the current state-of-the-art, the rationale behind the use of quality assessment features for liveness detection is supported by three factors: • Image quality has been successfully used in previous works for image manipulation detection [99, 100] and steganalysis [101–103] in the forensic field.

1 Various options available to produce forgeries 2 Forgeries of Fingerprints in Forensic Science 19 Fig. 2 Comparison made by Morisod [26] between a genuine mark left in a glass surface and two forged marks left using sebaceous secretions on the same substrate It leads to forgeries that lack flexibility but that can be used to leave marks on surfaces. Normally commercial producers of stamps should decline when asked to reproduce fingerprints, but practice has shown that professionals may not follow the line (or rule).

A few anecdotic cases have been reviewed by Wertheim [3] and chronologically in [5]. This is despite the presence of forged fingerprints in fiction and the publicity given throughout the years to the successful production of fake fingers. For example, in 1994, a TV program broadcasted in Holland showed the production of a forged finger of the Minister of Justice used afterwards on a livescan device [18]. We will not attempt here an exhaustive historical account, but will focus on few key papers published in forensic science to argue why the whole issue of forgery did not gain a lot of attention over the years.

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