Hendrik Petrus Berlage Thoughts on Style, 1886–1909 by Iain Boyd Whyte, Wim de Wit

By Iain Boyd Whyte, Wim de Wit

In retrospect to the interval round 1910, Mies van der Rohe as soon as commented that there has been yet a unmarried architect then engaged on the ecu architectural scene, “Berlage used to be a lone giant.” In parallel actions as either an architect and an architectural thinker, H. P. Berlage created a sequence of constructions that witnessed the gestation and delivery of architectural Modernism and a physique of writings that probed intensive the issues and chances of this new variety. yet while his inventory trade in Amsterdam, with its rational mastery of fabrics and house, has lengthy been celebrated for its seminal impression at the structure of the hot century, Berlage’s passionate writings on structure, which exerted an equivalent effect on his contemporaries, have frequently been missed. In his wide-ranging severe creation, Iain Boyd Whyte convincingly demonstrates that one corpus of labor can't be understood with out making an allowance for the opposite: Berlage’s writings tell his structure to a similar volume that his constructions replicate his probing aesthetic deliberations. Berlage’s imperative texts are the following introduced jointly in English translation for the 1st time. jointly, they current to the English-language reader a brand new and important bankruptcy within the heritage of eu Modernism. The Texts & files sequence bargains to the coed of artwork, structure, and aesthetics ignored, forgotten, or unavailable writings in English translation. Edited based on glossy criteria of scholarship and framed via severe introductions and commentaries, those volumes steadily mine the previous centuries for stories that preserve their value in our knowing of paintings and of the problems surrounding its creation, reception, and interpretation. Eminent students help in the choice and ebook of volumes within the Texts & records sequence. every one quantity acquaints readers with the wider cultural stipulations on the genesis of the textual content and equips them with the wanted gear for its learn. over the years the sequence will tremendously extend our horizon and deepen our knowing of serious pondering on artwork.

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The second consequence of the Stock Exchange saga was a conspicuous lack of major architectural commissions between 1903 and 1914. The vast majority of Berlage s built commissions over this decade were for housing, either private or public. Only a handful of public buildings leavened this mix; small insurance offices for De Nederlanden van 1845, a country post office, a school, a hotel, and an undistinguished department store for Meddens en Zoon in The Hague. , the mayor who had supported the radical initiatives over the previous decade.

H. P. Berlage, Stock Exchange, Amsterdam, 1898, ink and chalk on transparent paper (fixed on cardboard), 61 x 67 cm. 122. n'est pas ordonnée [sic] par la structure àoit être repoussée)}00 This happy alliance of Semper and Viollet-le-Duc, the two great mentors of Berlage s "practical aesthetics," can be seen in action in the sequence of the vertical supports in the main hall of the Stock Exchange—the Commodities Exchange—in its original state, before rebuilding (fig. 12). Starting from a square base, the corners of the stone pier are chamfered away to give a circular profile, at points marked by incised decorative bands.

Santa Monica, The Getty Center for the History of Art and the Humanities. NIEUWE KOOPMANSBEURS TE AMSTERDAM. »,% ll'tuMM KM, 19 Moarí /íjií, Mu. n. " To which Vening Meinesz. "85 What was so radical about Berlage s prescription that it caused such a vigorous reaction? By adhering to the site flanking the Damrak, Berlage and Treub frustrated the ambitions of those who advocated that the Damrak should be filled in completely in order to run a Haussmann-style boulevard from the Centraal Station to the Dam.

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