By Dimitris Keridis
Positioned at the southern-most tip of the Balkan peninsula in Europe's southeast, Greece is a small state of a few eleven million humans. And whereas few humans have an extended heritage than the Greeks, sleek Greece is a reasonably younger nation, having been based in 1830. Greece has come some distance on the grounds that then; it's been a consumer kingdom, first of england after which of the U.S., for a lot of its glossy life yet now it has secured an equivalent position on the best tables of NATO and the ecu. The old Dictionary of recent Greece explores the trendy heritage of this kingdom via a chronology, an introductory essay, a bibliography, and thousands of cross-referenced dictionary entries on very important folks, locations, occasions, and associations, in addition to on major political, monetary, social, and cultural facets.
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Additional resources for Historical Dictionary of Modern Greece (Historical Dictionaries of Europe)
Venizelos coupled his diplomatic successes abroad with an ambitious program of reforms at home that increased the state’s capacity to regulate the economy and provide for its people. Change was dramatic and mismanaged, and led to a clash between Venizelos and King Constantine in 1915 over the question of Greece’s entry into World War I. INTRODUCTION • xli The conflict between Venizelos’ modernizers and the king’s traditionalists was fierce, destroyed the old political consensus, and inaugurated a long period of turbulent, often extraparliamentary, politics that lasted until 1974.
Corruption wastes precious resources, dampens economic growth, rescinds public policy, reinforces inequality, and makes Greece unattractive to investment. It is no coincidence that Greece has failed to draw substantial greenfield foreign investment (that is, investment in new assets). Nor is it a coincidence that the serious Greek money is made in shipping, where the corrupt Greek state is mostly absent and where Greek entrepreneurship is allowed to flourish unhindered. Carrying out or creating a business in Greece means having to work through a labyrinth of laws and state agencies that are often more determined to satisfy their own self-interests rather than the good of the public.
The mountains run into numerous small valleys, bays, peninsulas, and capes. There are two main plains, one in Thessaly and one in central Macedonia. There are no large, commercially navigable rivers INTRODUCTION • xxxv in Greece; the longest river is the Aliakmonas in the north, while many large Balkan rivers flow into northern Greece. Forests cover less than one fifth of Greece, a low proportion compared with other European countries, and which is further declining due to forest fires and land development.