Homer and the Origin of the Greek Alphabet by Barry B. Powell

By Barry B. Powell

What prompted the discovery of the Greek alphabet? Who did it, and why? the aim of this not easy e-book is to inquire systematically into the historic factors that underlay the unconventional shift from previous and not more effective writing structures to using alphabetic writing. the writer broadcasts his end to be a almost certainly fabulous one--that a unmarried guy, possibly from the island of Euboea, invented the Greek alphabet particularly to be able to list the Iliad and the Odyssey of Homer.

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By this construction Diocletian hoped to commit qualified rulers to a system of mutual obligation, to prevent excessive personal ambitions and to guarantee a better administration and defence of the provinces. According to this experimental system of rule, the east was divided as follows: Egypt, Libya, Palestine, Syria and Asia Minor: Diocletian, Augustus Greece and the Balkans: Galerius, Caesar The west: Italy, Africa and Spain: Maximian, Augustus Gaul and Britain: Constantius, Caesar Initially, the concept proved to be successful and about the year 300 peace and unity were restored, though at the expense of a considerable tax increase.

But at the same time, they mitigated the traditional rigorism by opening the possibility for less guilty apostates to be reconciled after proofs of earnest repentance. 31 Bishops of his kind saw the danger of discouraging believers who probably would benefit from penitential exercises. The prevalence of this new approach in matters of Church discipline meant no less than a fundamental change in ecclesiology. Instead of a small flock of faithful and mature believers, the Church gradually became a religious assembly for many, because it now accepted those who were still in need of spiritual consolidation and clerical control.

For the ongoing interpretation of Christ’s person and work it meant that different cultural and religious backgrounds resulted in hopes of salvation with specific accents. During the third century, three distinctive hopes show their influence upon the development of theological thought. As we said above with regard to Clement and Origen (see p. 19), Alexandria had preserved Greek culture in its purest form: here the classic philosophical views of humankind and cosmos were not only passed on, but also developed further.

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