By Graham Tipple, Kenneth G. Tipple
First released in 2004. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa corporation.
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Additional info for Housing the Poor in the Developing World
There is also a greater dependence on public institutions for improvement in the quality of housing and the environment. In spite of the many complaints about the upkeep of streets and open spaces, there is no organised, co-operative effort either to pressurise the housing board to provide better maintenance or improve neighbourhood amenities. The meaning attached to the house is a product of social relations. In the fluid social world of the housing colony, where the social relations have not been cultivated over several generations as in a traditional neighbourhood, identity and status in new groups are affirmed through status markers symbolised in the house and the goods that it contains such as television, refrigerator, etc.
However, the chapter emphasises within the scientific tradition of logical deduction, the necessity of carefully ensuring that all the assumptions must be controlled or corrected if valid conclusions are to be drawn. In addition, it outlines techniques of analysing qualitative variables. These are capable of greater extension in housing analysis. Ordinary regression is illustrated by way of an examination of the determinants of overcrowding; while house condition provides an example of how qualitative data can be modelled by regression analysis.
This form of research is also more heavily influenced than other research methods by the researcher’s bias, world-view, and personality. There is also a greater likelihood of its outcome being perceived as a personal interpretation of events. A combination of methods may be used: interviewing, observations of behaviour, plotting life histories with accompanying changes in the environment, recording of physical data such as house and neighbourhood layouts, building materials, furniture arrangements, etc.