By Peter R. Baehr (auth.)
Human rights are consistently an issue of legislation, yet they're more and more a question of politics. a lot lip-service is paid these days to the proposal of human rights. while they're being violated around the globe. Peter Baehr provides a succinct creation to the major theoretical and functional concerns that may function an invaluable primer for college kids and researchers.
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Extra resources for Human Rights: Universality in Practice, 1st Edition
The western states preferred two separate treaties, because, in their 32 Economic and Social Rights 33 view, the supervision of these rights called for an entirely different approach. Civil and political rights could be guaranteed in an absolute sense, whereas the fulfilment of economic and social rights depended on the economic and social circumstances in the country concerned. Another important reason was that the United States showed great reluctance to recognize economic and social rights as human rights.
Gross and Systematic Violations 21 From the end of the eighteenth century voices began to be heard which condemned slavery as a violation of human dignity. 5 Internationally, slavery was prohibited by the League of Nations in the Slavery Convention of 1926. In 1953, a protocol was adopted which transferred the tasks of the League of Nations to the United Nations, and in 1956 a supplementary convention was adopted. The Convention forbids slave trade and aims at ending all forms of slavery. e. only half of the members of the United Nations, are parties to this Convention (1997).
The remainder of this chapter deals with the best-known, but also rather controversial, collective right: the right of self-determination. SELF-DETERMINATION From the beginning, United Nations practice has to a certain extent been dominated by what the Charter calls the ‘principle’ of self-determination, and what later has evolved into a ‘right’ of self-determination. 12 The growth in membership of the UN from 51 to 185 states was to a large extent caused by the application of the right to (external) selfdetermination.