By Higgins, George; Holmes, Ronald M.; Tewksbury, Richard
Gangs The constitution of Gangs forms of Gangs Racial and Ethnic Gangs Chicano/Hispanic Gangs Asian Gangs different types of Gang contributors Gang participants: Perpetrators and sufferers Gangs and murder Defining and Counting Gang Homicides features of Gang Homicides who's concerned the place Gang Homicides happen How Gang Homicides Are dedicated Drive-By Shootings murder and different legal Offenses Gang murder and group Crime charges Gang murder and different Homicides/Assaults Drug Trafficking Gangs and Police Police reaction to Gangs Police Gang devices Gang Unit officials neighborhood companions operating with Pol. Read more...
summary: Gangs The constitution of Gangs varieties of Gangs Racial and Ethnic Gangs Chicano/Hispanic Gangs Asian Gangs kinds of Gang contributors Gang contributors: Perpetrators and sufferers Gangs and murder Defining and Counting Gang Homicides features of Gang Homicides who's concerned the place Gang Homicides happen How Gang Homicides Are devoted Drive-By Shootings murder and different legal Offenses Gang murder and group Crime charges Gang murder and different Homicides/Assaults Drug Trafficking Gangs and Police Police reaction to Gangs Police Gang devices Gang Unit officials group companions operating with Pol
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Extra resources for Introduction to Gangs in America
Creating and Sustaining a Successful Strategy to Address Gang Problems Because the form and degree of gang problems in a community and the needs of communities vary across jurisdictions, there is not one specific way that is the best or most successful for law enforcement to address gangs and gang crime. A number of common characteristics, however, have been identified for how to create and sustain a successful response to gangs. The first issue that almost all police departments advocate is to make sure that their efforts do not inadvertently encourage or promote gang activity.
Set goals and objectives based on a common understanding of the key concepts and the assessment of the problem. At the same time, focus on desired changes in the affected community. The law enforcement community is well positioned to provide leadership in gang prevention and reduction efforts, and in coordinating a multiagency approach. It is important to establish a clear articulation with rationale of the assignment of responsibilities to each participating agency for relevant services and activities, and to coordinate these appropriately.
As Klein (1971) explains, such a method of attack was first referred to in the mid-twentieth century as “japping,” based on a method of hit-and-run attacks practiced by Japanese soldiers during World War II. These methods of attack also have been referred to as “forays” (Miller, 1966), reflecting the idea of travelling and attacking simultaneously. What we see here is that gangs have simply adopted a method of attack that has been used for decades (perhaps since the early days of the automobile) for their own purposes.