By Nick Gallent; et al
Charting the main styles and tactics of rural swap affecting the English geographical region, this article seems to be on the position of making plans in shaping rural areas, masking either the statutory entire making plans that emerged within the post-war interval, in addition to rural programme supply undertaken through vital coverage agencies.
content material: half 1: Ruruality, making plans and Governance 1. creation 2. Rural Governance and Spatial making plans half 2: the agricultural economic system three. financial swap four. The Farming economic system five. New Economies half three: the wishes of Rural groups 6. neighborhood switch 7. Rural Housing: call for, offer, Affordability and the marketplace eight. dwelling within the nation-state half four: Environmental swap and making plans nine. A altering atmosphere 10. A Differentiated surroundings half five: Governance, Coordination and Integration eleven. (Re) Positioning Rural parts 12. Conclusions: Integrating Agendas, Coordinating Responses
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Extra info for Introduction to rural planning
Land-use planning The planning system, as constituted in 1947, involved the nationalisation of development rights with (almost all) subsequent land development being subject to ‘planning permission’, the creation of a system of area-wide ‘development plans’, and the vesting of planning powers (to grant or refuse development permission) with county councils as incumbent ‘planning authorities’. The principal function of this system was the control of land-use change either through new development or ‘material change’ (from one use to another).
The chapter also looks at modern farming and returns to the concept of ‘multi-functionality’, arguing that food production can comfortably co-exist with agriculture’s ‘ancillary’ functions – such as landscape management, linking forward to wider social and economic goals – and that such co-existence can be facilitated by spatial planning. Indeed, perhaps the most important topic dealt with in Chapter 4 is how ‘production’ as a central farming rationale has declined (reﬂected in the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP)) and how this is leading to questions over the future of farming land.
Realising planning’s ‘much wider purpose’ and especially its role in coordinating the different dimensions of development (a role that emerged in 1947 – see Simmie, 1994 – but which was subsequently eclipsed by a preoccupation with land-use control) now appears ‘mission critical’ in relation to the goal of sustainable development. In this section we brieﬂy consider planning’s journey away from its ‘land-use’ focus to a broader ‘spatial’ agenda, which has coordination at its heart. Planning discourse, across the UK, is currently focused on the need to invent an entirely different process and purpose for the planning system, which is less preoccupied with policing land-use change, and more able to coordinate the different policies, programmes and projects that impact on places.