Litchi and longan: botany, production, and uses by Christopher Menzel, Geoff K Waite

By Christopher Menzel, Geoff K Waite

Litchi (lychee) and the similar fruit longan are grown largely in China and South-East Asia, in addition to in Australia, Florida (USA), Southern Europe and Southern Africa. This publication represents the single complete, balanced and across the world concentrated e-book on those fruit. It covers all points of creation, from taxonomy and breeding, to propagation, flowering and fruit set, to illnesses, pests and postharvest garage and processing. Written by way of major scientists from Australia, China, India, Israel, Thailand and america, the booklet represents the traditional paintings on its topic. because the fruit are imported to many built international locations, the booklet can be of curiosity to a large viewers.

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Ming Muang Publisher, Chiang Mai, Thailand, 137 pp. Anonymous (1978) Guangdong Litchi Register. Guangdong Science Press, Guangzhou, China, 156 pp. Boonrat, S. (1984) Lychee Cultivation. Horticultural Research Institute, Department of Agriculture, Bangkok, Thailand, 86 pp. Budathoki, K. (2002) Lychee production in Nepal. K. J. (eds) Lychee Production in the Asia-Pacific Region. Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations, Bangkok, Thailand, pp. 81–93. J. W. (2001a) Evaluation and introduction of lychee cultivars in south Florida, USA.

Type I flowers lack ovules and are functionally male (Male 1 = M1). They have 6–8 stamens, which produce much pollen. Type II flowers are hermaphrodite but function as female with a well-developed pistil (two carpels) and stigma (two-lobed), and 5–8 stamens, which do not dehisce. vp Revise: Friday, February 04, 2005 1:47:51 PM 4-Feb-05 2 Color profile: Generic CMYK printer profile Composite 150 lpi at 45 degrees Taxonomy, Botany and Plant Development Fig. 4. A typical litchi inflorescence (from Costés, 1988).

Canned litchis in Chiang Mai in northern Thailand (photograph courtesy of Christopher Menzel). Canning litchis in Guangdong, southern China. M. Huang et al. 18 flavanone precursor, and the activity of two enzymes (flavanone-3-hydroxylase and dihydroquercetin-4-reductase) involved in the biosynthesis of leucoanthocyanins, leading to higher concentrations of leucocyanidin. The conversion of leucocyanidin to a red cyanidincontaining compound occurs when the fruit is heated during processing. , 1998).

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