By Suzanne Reynolds
This booklet investigates how humans realized to learn within the center a while. It makes use of glosses--medieval lecturers' notes--on classical Latin texts to teach how those complicated works have been utilized in a truly easy and literal approach within the lecture room, and argues that this has profound implications for our realizing of medieval literacy and hermeneutics. Suzanne Reynolds discusses matters together with the connection of Latin and vernacular languages, the position of classical texts in medieval tradition, principles of allegory within the heart a long time, and medieval literary idea.
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Additional resources for Medieval Reading: Grammar, Rhetoric and the Classical Text (Cambridge Studies in Medieval Literature)
In fact, the role of examples from classical texts helps us to chart the history of grammatica itself in this, one of its most innovative phases. 43 For example, the earliest texts known to us from this period are the so-called Glosule, the Nota dunelmenses and the text attributed to Abelard's master, William of Champeaux. 44 These texts have a distinctly logical bias and spurn the use of literary examples, because, as we have seen, the auctores do not conform to the rules. These grammarians prefer their own examples, which do conform.
Sed ad removendum fetorem diversa genera acrimonie erant circumposita, ut scilicet fortitudo \vel vis/ acrium herbarum expelleret a stomaco fetorem apri qui esset aliter insipidus// [6-y; CAUGHT WHEN A GENTLE SOUTH WIND WAS BLOWING . . WITH PUNGENT DISHES SURROUNDING IT WnOW, this is said on account of the stench, because this gentle wind is extremely foul, as is mentioned above, and all food, from meat, fish and game, putrefies through the blowing of that wind. 80 The R glosses also refer widely to other classical authors, which is rare in the glosses I discuss in this book.
The emphasis on defining according to contexts is explored in chapters 5 and 6. 2; [2; QUERENTI CONVIVAM; \te, idest ut convivares/ 1 ASKED AS A GUEST; \you, that is, so that you might feast together [with me]/] A paraphrase gloss which supplies the 'y°u > that is only implied in the Latin. 2; [2; 3; [3; HERI; \preteriti imperfecti heri/ YESTERDAY; DE MEDIO \the past imperfect, yesterday/] \in medio usque eras/ FROM MIDDAY; \from midday until tomorrow/] Again, this gloss makes things more explicit, and intensifies the exaggerated nature of the feasting, the subject of the satire's ridicule.