By Laura Otis
Many constructions within the human physique are named after Johannes Muller, some of the most revered anatomists and physiologists of the nineteenth century. Muller taught some of the prime scientists of his age, lots of whom may pass directly to make trail-blazing discoveries in their personal. between them have been Theodor Schwann, who verified that each one animals are made from cells; Hermann Helmholtz, who measured the speed of nerve impulses; and Rudolf Virchow, who confident medical professionals to consider ailment on the mobile point. This booklet tells Muller's tale by way of interweaving it with these of 7 of his most famed students.
Muller suffered from melancholy and insomnia even as he was once doing his most vital medical paintings, and should have dedicated suicide at age fifty six. Like Muller, his so much sought after scholars confronted own and social demanding situations as they practiced state of the art technological know-how. Virchow was once fired for his political activism, Jakob Henle used to be jailed for club in a dueling society, and Robert Remak was once barred from Prussian universities for refusing to give up his Orthodox Judaism. by means of recounting those tales, Muller's Lab explores the ways that own lifestyles can impact scientists' expert offerings, and for that reason have an effect on the nice discoveries they make.
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Extra resources for Muller's Lab
74 In his own letter, Müller emphasized the importance of physiological research for medical advancement and echoed Humboldt’s desire to make Berlin a research center equal to Paris. A crucial part of the job, he argued, was the creation of a world-class 14 Müller’s Lab anatomical museum where scholars could compare the structures of all known animals. ”75 While he suggested Johann Friedrich Meckel (1781–1833) for the chair, Müller repeatedly invoked his own youthful energy. ) At thirty-one, Müller was not the faculty’s first choice.
88 Since 1829, Berlin had had gas lighting, but oil lamps and candles were still widely used. A student who saved on heat and light could afford more to eat; a midday meal at a Berlin restaurant cost 5 to 15 Silbergroschen; an evening meal, 5 to 10. Student rooms had no facilities for cooking. 89 It took ingenuity to stay warm, clean, and well nourished enough to study. As the Academic Mentor warned its small-town readers (or, more likely, their parents), Berlin could lead unwary young men astray.
As the key method of anatomical and physiological studies, Müller promoted microscopy. ”120 In 1838, he applied his student Theodor Schwann’s cell theory to pathology, demonstrating in his book On the Fine Structure of Pathological Tumors (1838) that tumors consist of cells. More than any of his other works, Müller’s tumor book showed how microscopic studies could be of use in the clinic. In his discussions of tumors, he stressed the importance of microscopy for diagnosing pathological growths.