By Yun Hang Hu, Uwe Burghaus, Shizhang Qiao
Elevated strength costs and the transforming into consciousness on worldwide warming are motivating the production of economically practicable choices to fossil fuels. Nanotechnologies were well-known as one powerful method of remedy strength difficulties. consequently, to advertise the advance of analysis and to foster expert collaboration between researchers in energy-related nanotechnologies, we geared up a symposium on "Nanotechnology for a Sustainable strength financial system" as part of the 243rd American Chemical Society nationwide assembly, which happened March 25-29, 2012 in San Diego, California, united states. Forty-four members from 12 international locations awarded their examine works from commercial, college, and nationwide laboratories in nanotechnology components with regards to power and gasoline applied sciences. This ACS Symposium sequence publication used to be constructed from this symposium. This publication offers a truly important and readable choice of experiences and examine papers in nanotechnologies for strength conversion, garage, and usage, providing new effects that are absolute to be of curiosity to researchers, scholars, and engineers within the box of nanotechnologies and effort. The booklet specializes in the next subject matters: Li batteries (Chapters 1-4), supercapacitors (Chapter 5), dye-sensitized sunlight cells (Chapter 6), photocatalysis (Chapters 7-9), gasoline cells (Chapter 10), electrocatalysis (Chapter 11), and electron beam lithography (Chapter 12). All 12 chapters have been recruited from oral displays on the symposium.
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Extra info for Nanotechnology for Sustainable Energy (ACS Symposium Series)
Ch002 Figure 4. Surface roughness (RMS) changes of the LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 thin film cathode during charge/discharge cycles. The ex-situ AFM measurements on battery materials are usually conducted after the batteries were subjected to the charge/discharge cycles with external devices (such as potentiostat). Generally-speaking, such battery was usually fabricated with liquid electrolyte, and then subjected to the charge/discharge processes, after that it was disassembled and the electrode materials were washed for the AFM studies (26–28).
J. Rep. Prog. Phy. 2010, 73 (5), 056502. Kalinin, S. ; Rodriguez, B. ; Baddorf, A. ; Kholkin, A. ; Proksch, R. Mater. Today 2008, 11 (11), 16–27. ; Stratmann, M. Electrochim.
For battery materials and structures, both anode and cathode surfaces undergo significant changes during the charge/discharge cycling, owing to the ionic diffusion processes between the anode and cathode, as well as Li-ion intercalation/de-intercalation processes. Numerous research works have demonstrated that the ex-situ AFM technique can be used to observe the surface topography change of both anode and cathode materials during charge/discharge cycling (22–25). Figure 3 shows the three-dimensional (3D) surface topography changes of LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 thin film cathode at different cycling stages.