By K. Martens
NGOs and the United countries unearths how NGOs have replaced their interplay with the UN because the mid-1990s. It additionally seems to be at how their illustration to the UN, their consultative prestige and their attribute gains impression their dating with the UN. The case experiences comprise one of the most popular gamers at the foreign scene, resembling Amnesty overseas, Human Rights Watch, CARE foreign and Oxfam foreign.
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Additional resources for NGO's and the United Nations: Institutionalization, Professionalization and Adaptation
It is here understood as the specialization of a person within the organization to represent the NGO at the UN level. Institutionalization as an external demand During the 1970s, dominant perspectives changed to emphasize the impact of external demands on the performance of societal actors. Instead of focusing on hierarchic structures and working processes within the organizations, research on social movement organizations NGO Institutionalization 23 applied the new institutionalist’s perspective which highlighted the pressures deriving from external forces, and scholars explored the role played by institutional environments in determining organizations’ behaviour (Finnemore 1996: 329; Hall and Taylor 1996: 946).
By and large, all sections have the same name and identify themselves through the transnational body. Centralist NGOs generally have one strong international secretariat from which the national sections are all guided; it sets out the common policy of the NGO as a whole. Moreover, it controls and monitors the quality of the overall work of the NGO (Thränhardt 1992: 226). Centralized NGOs also usually have hierarchical structures and a highly developed division of labour. They therefore often have more specific objectives than federative NGOs and can specialize in particular issues in addition to following broad objectives.
Indicators used to measure the amount of representation are: (1) the number of NGO offices in major UN locations and departments in the international secretariat,21 (2) number of NGO representatives in UN locations and staff members in the international secretariat working on UN-related issues (or working time dedicated to UN matters), (3) their positions within the organization (voluntary or professional),22 and (4) other organizational arrangements concerning representation at the UN. Federative NGOs are more likely to adjust their patterns of activity than centralist NGOs because they seek formal recognition by the UN.