By Alessandro Vatri
This learn discusses the query of even if there's a linguistic distinction among classical Attic prose texts meant for public oral supply and people meant for written stream and personal functionality. making a choice on this kind of distinction which completely displays those disparities in modes of reception has confirmed to be a tough problem for either literary students and cultural historians of the traditional international, with solutions now not continually passable from a methodological and an analytical standpoint.
The legitimacy of the query is first addressed via a definition of what such slippery notions as "orality" and "oral functionality" suggest within the context of classical Athens, reconstruction of the events within which the extant prose texts have been intended to be acquired, and a proof of the grounds on which we may perhaps count on linguistic good points of the texts to be on the topic of such events. the concept that texts conceived for public supply had to be as transparent as attainable is substantiated through to be had cultural-historical and anthropological evidence; despite the fact that, those don't suggest that the other used to be required of texts conceived for personal reception. In constructing a rigorous method for the reconstruction of the local belief of readability within the unique contexts of textual reception this research bargains a unique method of assessing orality in classical Greek prose via exam of linguistic and grammatical positive factors of favor. It builds upon the theoretical insights and present experimental findings of contemporary psycholinguistics, offering students with a brand new key to the minds of old writers and audiences.
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Extra info for Orality and Performance in Classical Attic Prose: A Linguistic Approach (Oxford Classical Monographs)
The inﬂuential model devised by Hymes Contexts of Reception 25 (1972, 1974: 54–62, cf. Duranti 1997: 290) distinguishes sixteen components instead: 1. message form; 2. message content; 3. setting: the time, place, and physical circumstances of a speech act; 4. scene: the ‘psychological setting’ (formal, informal, serious, festive, and so forth); 5. speaker (or sender): the person who physically produces the linguistic message; 6. addressor: the source of the linguistic message (for instance, the author of the text); 7.
Message content; 3. setting: the time, place, and physical circumstances of a speech act; 4. scene: the ‘psychological setting’ (formal, informal, serious, festive, and so forth); 5. speaker (or sender): the person who physically produces the linguistic message; 6. addressor: the source of the linguistic message (for instance, the author of the text); 7. hearer (or receiver, or audience): the person, or persons, who perceives the linguistic message; 8. addressee: the person to whom the message is directed; 9.
As we have seen, Alcidamas admits the use of written composition for speeches of this kind. Fifth-century epideictic ‘lectures’ are not necessarily to be conceived as actual readings, even though a written text may be used as an aide-mémoire and could be circulated (cf. 5) but, as Thomas (2003: 173) points out, ‘Aristotle’s deﬁnition belonged to a later, more text-oriented period’, a period when the circulation of written copies of epideictic speeches was relatively wide and was often the primary dissemination channel of such texts (cf.