Paideia: The Ideals of Greek Culture: Volume III: The by Werner Jaeger

By Werner Jaeger

Werner Jaeger's vintage three-volume paintings, initially released in 1939, is now to be had in paperback. Paideia, the shaping of Greek personality via a union of civilization, culture, literature, and philosophy is the foundation for Jaeger's overview of Hellenic culture.
Volume I describes the basis, progress, and concern of Greek tradition through the archaic and classical epochs, finishing with the cave in of the Athenian empire. the second one and 3rd volumes of the paintings take care of the highbrow historical past of historic Greece within the Age of Plato, the 4th century B.C.--the age within which Greece misplaced every thing that's valued during this world--state, strength, liberty--but nonetheless clung to the concept that of paideia. As its final nice poet, Menander summarized the first function of this perfect in Greek tradition while he acknowledged: "The ownership which nobody can remove from guy is paideia."

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Extra info for Paideia: The Ideals of Greek Culture: Volume III: The Conflict of Cultural Ideals in the Age of Plato

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And it is not simply a matter of analogy, as it might seem at first glan e. The medical doctrine of the correct treatment for the body is, so to speak, raised to a higher power when it is embodied in the Socratic 26 GREEK MEDICINE AS PAIDEIA doctrine of the correct care and treatment of the soul. 55 Thus, medicine is wholly assimilated into Plato's philosophical anthropology, his science of Man. From this point of view an entirely new light is cast on the question how far the special science of medicine belongs to the history of paideia.

That view makes nature more rational, and reason more natural. The same sort of intellectual attitude is responsible for the brilliant use of spiritual analogies to explain physical events, and vice versa. By this means the author of Visits strikes out vivid sentences like 'Physical exertion nourishes the limbs and the flesh, sleep the intestines', and 'Thought is the soul's walk abroad'. ' r* But, just as the doctor with his art facilitates the restorative activity of nature when her equipoise has been disturbed, it follows also that his duty is to prevent an impending disturbance and to keep watch over the preservation of normal conditions.

Similarly, the author of On diet does not directly accept oneiromancy: he tries to change 40 GREEK MEDICINE AS PAIDEIA it from prophecy into prognostication. But he follows his original authority too far, and ends by giving way to superstition. The language of the book is more reminiscent of the middle of the fourth century than of its beginning, or of any earlier period. Ionic was still being written all through the fourth century, and these elaborate and sometimes tedious sentences, with their antitheses and balanced clauses, point to the era of Isocratean rhetoric rather than to that of Gorgias.

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