Patriots and Paupers: Hamburg, 1712-1830 by Mary Lindemann

By Mary Lindemann

Patriots and Paupers conscientiously analyzes a very important juncture within the historical past of a superb urban: Hamburg's passage from the pre-modern into the fashionable global. regardless of the relative wealth of ancient literature on Reformation Germany and on Germany after unification, few English-language histories have addressed the occasions of the eighteenth and early 19th centuries. Mary Lindemann the following information concerns linked to bad relief--indigency, mendicancy, public wellbeing and fitness, hard work law, social keep watch over, and disciplining--then makes use of those as springboards to broader historic debates. She attracts out the delicate but decisive political shift from the paternalistic dirigismé of a central authority of fathers and uncles to the socio-economic laissez-faire of early liberalism, and locates this political metamorphosis firmly in the framework of Hamburg's dynamic monetary improvement and dramatic demographic progress. She hyperlinks those political and social adjustments to the highbrow, cultural, and prosopographical contexts of the German Enlightenment. excess of a historical past of poverty and social welfare guidelines, Patriots and Paupers explores the severe interconnections among economics, demographics, social swap, and executive within the last years of the eu outdated Regime.

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A particularly stirring sermon or the happy resolution of a family crisis), which did not necessarily correspond to the degree of deprivation in the city. Special collections to assist the poor during severe weather or to aid the survivors of disasters sometimes overcame these bottlenecks but did not obviate the need for more reliable ways of funding poor relief. The 1711 ordinance initiated a subscription whereby representatives of the board of health visited each house carrying special ledgers in which they recorded pledges.

Certainly the Rat no longer had to disarm a burgher opposition that was by then defunct. 23 The Oberalten remained powerful, however; their presence in almost every influential governmental deputation was an accepted fact, even though they no longer voiced burgher opposition. Ex officio they sat on fourteen major councils of which at least two, the Deputation for the Admission of Aliens and the council of the General Poor Relief, will be of special concern to us later. In addition, the Oberalten headed evangelical poor relief as trustees of a fifth parish chest (the Haupt-Kiste, literally a strongbox stored in the otherwise deserted cloister of St.

50 The plague approached slowly, silently stealing its way westward across the continent from the Eurasian heartland. Its slow march led to many months of anxiety yet it also gave the city time to mount its defenses. As early as 1705, the leaders of Hamburg and Altona had conferred on a strategy for dealing with the plague. In 1707, Hamburg issued its first plague degrees, strengthening their effect with each passing month. " The Rat also created a special Board of Health empowered to coordinate all aspects of fighting the epidemic.

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