By Daniel S.J. Choy
This sensible consultant, fantastically illustrated with line drawings and pictures all through, covers the elemental technological know-how, laser physics, sufferer choice, diagnostic maneuvers and important imaging tools of PLDD. furthermore, step-by-step directions are given on needle placement, the right way to input tricky discs and supply of laser power. additionally integrated are chapters on attainable problems and the way to regulate them, while to think about a repeat strategy, in addition to long-term rehabilitation. Succeeding generations of experts as they graduate from residency courses will make the most of this useful booklet. Physicians must manage to resolution questions in addition to study the procedure because the technique maintains to extend. As extra sufferers familiarize yourself with this minimally invasive procedure, practitioners usually are inundated with sufferers looking PLDD therapy for agonizing again soreness.
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Additional info for Percutaneous Laser Disc Decompression A Practical Guide
Proteoglycan synthesis appears to be more affected by low pH than by protein synthesis. 79 Scott et al. 38 They noted that many of the changes had occurred before maturity. Collagen in the nucleus increases in thoracic and lum- 3 Anatomy and Pathophysiology of Intervertebral Discs bar regions and remains high in cervical discs. Collagen in the annulus increases with age. Water content of the disc decreases with aging. Chondroitin sulfate (CS) and polyanion concentration also decrease. Hyaluronic acid (HA) and keratin sulfate (KS) increase.
9 hours) under 1,334 N compression in 7 degrees of flexion and less than 3 degrees of rotation. Annular protrusions were produced in 10 of 14 specimens; nuclear extrusion through the annular tear occurred in 4 specimens. The authors concluded that intervertebral disc prolapse is peripheral in origin, with the annulus being the site of primary pathologic change (Fig. 2. Increase of intradiscal pressure deforms the annulus in three chief directions: dorsally, ventrally, and dorsolaterally. Most herniations thus occur in the dorsolateral direction.
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