By M. Mohitpour, A. Murray, M. McManus, I. Colquhoun
This booklet will offer a wealth of technical details for these inquisitive about, or answerable for, the security and integrity of pipeline platforms. It addresses the total lifestyles cycle of a pipeline via contemplating the total spectrum of pipeline integrity administration, starting from information amassing (tools and methods), evaluate innovations (condition and dangers verification), to upkeep and emergency reaction, together with incident administration.
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Additional resources for Pipeline Integrity Assurance: A Practical Approach
Natural gas is a cheaper source of fuel More economical form of transportation than rail or truck, pipelines are economically preferable and usually fairly secure within a nation or between friendly neighbors. Figure 1-6 illustrates major global cross-border natural gas movements. This is further illustrated in Figure 1-7. It may be noted that major cross-border gas movements is by pipeline only. 21 billion cubic meters (BCM). 51 BCM. The breakdown of magnitude of LNG imports and exports by country is indicated in Figure 1-8.
Without proper maintenance, every pipeline system will eventually deteriorate. Corrosion can weaken the structural integrity of a pipeline and make it an unsafe vehicle for transporting potentially hazardous materials. Figure 1-24. Externally corroded pipe general and Historical Information ■ 27 SCC. is a process involving the initiation of cracks and their propagation in metals, due to the combined action of tensile mechanical loading and a corrosive environment. It is thus a form of environmentally assisted cracking (EAC) that is of significance to oil and gas pipelines.
Figure 1-2 indicates the percentage breakdown of these pipelines per major product transported. It may be noted that Table 1-1 and Figure 1-2 do not include gathering and special transmission lines. Special transmission pipelines cover carbon dioxide (CO2), hydrogen, slurry, LNG, and similar specialty products. However, liquid transmission lines reported cover single product as well as batched product pipelines. Major market shares of world pipelines (exceeding 30,000 km in length) are indicated in Figure 1-3.